An official website of the United States government.

This is not the current EPA website. To navigate to the current EPA website, please go to This website is historical material reflecting the EPA website as it existed on January 19, 2021. This website is no longer updated and links to external websites and some internal pages may not work. More information »

Climate Change Adaptation Resource Center (ARC-X)

Climate Adaptation and Contaminated Site Management

Hazardous waste at an industrial siteEPA programs work with communities to ensure the proper management of hazardous and non-hazardous wastes now and in the future.

More intense and frequent storms increase the likelihood of flooding to Superfund, corrective action actions sites, Brownfields sites, landfills and underground storage tanks. Also, greater frequency and intensity of drought can affect water-intensive remedies and site stability.

Inland Communities
Flooding and drought may result in the unregulated release of chemicals through surface soils, ground water, surface waters and/or coastal waters, complicating cleanup efforts or threaten sites that have already been remedied.

Coastal Communities
Sea-level rise and storm surge may lead to inundation of sites along vulnerable areas of the coast. Furthermore, saltwater intrusion may increase the permeability of clay liners installed at waste sites, such as landfills, threatening nearby properties.

Temperature increases, which are likely to be especially high in the northern latitudes will result in thawing permafrost, which may allow contaminants to migrate and/or cause land shifting and subsidence. 

Explore More About Adaptation and Contaminated Site Management