Risk Evaluation for 1,3-Butadiene
EPA designated 1,3-butadiene as a high priority chemical in December 2019 and the chemical is currently undergoing risk evaluation.
On this page:
- Background on 1,3-Butadiene
- Uses of 1,3-Butadiene
- Recent Activities and Opportunities for Public Comment
1,3-Butadiene (CASRN 106-99-0) is a colorless gas with a mild odor similar to gasoline, and it is highly flammable. The primary use of 1,3-butadiene is in the manufacturing of plastic and rubber products. Information from the 2016 Chemical Data Reporting (CDR) for 1,3-butadiene indicates the reported production volume is between 1 and 5 billion lbs/year (manufacture and import).
In the final scope, EPA identified conditions of use associated with the manufacturing (including importing); processing; distribution in commerce; industrial, commercial and consumer uses; and disposal of 1,3-butadiene, for example:
- As an intermediate in the manufacturing of adhesive, synthetic rubber, organic fiber, plastic material and resin, paints and coatings, and other chemical product and preparation manufacturing;
- As an intermediate in the manufacturing of petroleum, petrochemical, and solid rocket fuels;
- In adhesives and sealants;
- In fuels and related products;
- As a laboratory chemical;
- In hydraulic fracturing fluids;
- In automotive care products;
- In lubricants and lubricant additives;
- In paints and coatings; and
- In plastic and rubber products (including rubber tires).
The above listed conditions of use are ways that a person or the environment could be potentially exposed to this chemical. However, when conducting a risk evaluation, EPA also considers the hazards (i.e. health effects or environmental impacts) that could occur from coming in contact with a chemical.
In August 2020, EPA published a final scope document outlining the hazards, exposures, conditions of use, and the potentially exposed or susceptible subpopulations the agency expects to consider in its risk evaluation. The agency released the draft scope in April 2020 and took public comments on the draft document.
- Read the final scope of the risk evaluation for this chemical and EPA’s response to comments on the draft scope.
- View the docket for this chemical, EPA-HQ-OPPT-2018-0451 on www.regulations.gov.
As EPA continues to move through the risk evaluation process there will be additional opportunities for public comment, including a public comment period on the draft risk evaluation. In addition to public comment periods, EPA will continue to engage with stakeholders as it refines the risk evaluation and stakeholders should reach out to EPA via the staff contact to engage with EPA.