An official website of the United States government.

This is not the current EPA website. To navigate to the current EPA website, please go to This website is historical material reflecting the EPA website as it existed on January 19, 2021. This website is no longer updated and links to external websites and some internal pages may not work. More information »


Benefits of Brownfields Legislation — Summary of Public Law 107-118

This document presents a summary of Public Law 107-118. It does not constitute a statement of EPA policy, interpretation, or guidance.

Small Business Liability Relief (Title I)

  • Exempts certain small volume contributors from Superfund liability
  • Exempts certain contributors of municipal solid waste from Superfund liability
  • Shifts court costs and attorneys fees to a private party if a private party loses a Superfund contribution action against de micromis or municipal solid waste exempt party

Brownfields Program (Title II - Subtitle A)

  • Provides legislative authority for brownfields program including grants for assessment and cleanup
  • Expands current brownfields program by increasing funding authority up to $200 million per year including up to $50 million per year to assess and cleanup brownfields with petroleum contamination
  • Expands eligibility for assessment and cleanup grants
  • New provision for direct cleanup grants of up to $200,000 per site
  • Streamlines current requirements for the Brownfields cleanup revolving loan fund and makes funding available to nonprofits
  • Applies Davis Bacon Act on same terms as authority for current program
  • Makes funds available for technical assistance, training and research

Brownfields Liability Clarifications (Title II - Subtitle B)

  • Exempts certain contiguous property owners from Superfund liability
  • Exempts certain prospective purchasers from Superfund liability
  • Clarifies the innocent landholders defense to Superfund liability

State Response Programs (Title II - Subtitle C)

  • Supports State and Tribal response programs and preserves Federal safety net
  • Provides $50 million per year for State and Tribal response programs
  • Expands activities available for funding of State programs
  • Provides Superfund liability relief for certain properties cleaned up under State response programs