An official website of the United States government.

This is not the current EPA website. To navigate to the current EPA website, please go to This website is historical material reflecting the EPA website as it existed on January 19, 2021. This website is no longer updated and links to external websites and some internal pages may not work. More information »


Inspections of Concentrated Animal Feeding Operations

An inspection at an animal feeding operation (AFO) or a concentrated animal feeding operation (CAFO) is typically a compliance evaluation inspection, in which the facility is being inspected to determine whether it is complying with the requirements of the CAFO regulations under the Clean Water Act.  An inspection of an AFO or CAFO may be conducted for the following reasons:

  • routine inspection
  • to follow up on a citizen tip or complaint
  • for case development support after a violation has been identified
  • for a follow-up inspection to ensure that the permittee has implemented required controls or best management practices
  • compliance inspection to ensure compliance with settlement requirements

EPA has prepared a guide on what to expect when EPA inspects your livestock operation.