Paper Number: 2016-04
Document Date: 09/2016
Author(s): Glenn Sheriff
Subject Area(s): Climate Change, Distributional Effects, International and Global Issues
F53 - International Agreements and Observance; International Organizations
Q52 - Pollution Control and Adoption Costs; Distributional Effects; Employment Effects
Q54 - Climate; Natural Disasters and Their Management; Global Warming
Keywords: greenhouse gas mitigation, climate policy, distribution, international environmental agreements
Abstract: Two decades after creation of the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), parties have reached a general political consensus in support of reducing global greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, but debate continues over how to share equitably the burden of mitigation across countries. As part of the December 2015 Paris Agreement, countries submitted Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) for GHG mitigation. I analyze these mitigation targets to evaluate the degree to which they resemble any specific burden-sharing proposals. Results could have several applications as the UNFCCC process continues, including simulating how mitigation commitments may evolve as countries become wealthier and considering how increased ambition might be allocated while maintaining the current implicit burden-sharing allocation.
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- Burden Sharing Under the Paris Climate Agreement (PDF)(29 pp, 286 K, 2016-04)