An official website of the United States government.

This is not the current EPA website. To navigate to the current EPA website, please go to This website is historical material reflecting the EPA website as it existed on January 19, 2021. This website is no longer updated and links to external websites and some internal pages may not work. More information »

Working Paper: Existing Literature and Recommended Strategies for Valuation of Children's Health Effects

Paper Number: 2002-07

Document Date: 09/2002

Author(s): James Neumann and Harriet Greenwood

Subject Area(s): Benefit-Cost Analysis; Valuation; Children’s Health

Keywords: children; valuation; benefit transfer; health effects

Abstract: This paper focuses on the availability and use of existing literature for the valuation of children's health effects. Because the emphasis on children's health is relatively new, available studies focus on a small subset of health effects and the economic data available are very limited. This paper first presents an overview of methodologies used in the existing literature and provides an overall structure for discussing major classes of children's health effects. We then classify the available literature by health effect category, discuss the literature and suggest strategies for the use of valuation and other information in benefits and policy analyses. Our overall conclusion is that analysts need to interpret the existing child-focused studies with care.

This paper is part of the Environmental Economics Working Paper Series.

You may need a PDF reader to view some of the files on this page. See EPA’s About PDF page to learn more.