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Environmental Sampling and Analytical Methods (ESAM) Program

SCID Acronyms and Abbreviations


°C Degree Celsius
µL Microliter(s)
µm Micrometer(s)
1,3,5-TNB 1,3,5-Trinitrobenzene
2,4,6-TNT 2,4,6-Trinitrotoluene
2-HMP (2-[hydroxymethyl] piperidine)


AAVLD American Association of Veterinary Laboratory Diagnosticians
Anal. Chem. Analytical Chemistry
AOAC AOAC International (formerly the Association of Official Analytical Chemists)
APHA American Public Health Association
APHIS Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service
APHL Association of Public Health Laboratories
ASM American Society for Microbiology
ASTM ASTM International (formerly American Society for Testing and Materials)
APHA American Public Health Association
APHIS Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service
APHL Association of Public Health Laboratories
ASM American Society for Microbiology
ASTM ASTM International (formerly American Society for Testing and 


BSL Biosafety level
BZ Quinuclidinyl benzilate


CBR Chemical, biological, and radiological
CDC Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
CFR Code of Federal Regulations
Ch. Chapter
CLP Contract Laboratory Program
cm Centimeter(s)
cm2 Centimeter(s) squared
COC Chain of custody
CVAA 2-Chlorovinylarsonous acid
CVAOA 2-Chlorovinylarsonic acid


d50 Cut-off sizes correspond to 50% particle collection efficiency mark
DAS Diacetoxyscirpenol
DGR Dangerous Goods Regulations
DHS Department of Homeland Security (U.S.)
DIMP Diisopropyl methylphosphonate
DNPH Dinitrophenylhydrazine
DOE Department of Energy (U.S.)
DOL Department of Labor (U.S.)
DOT Department of Transportation (U.S.)
DQO Data quality objectives
DWRPTB Drinking Water Utility Response Protocol Toolbox


EA2192 [S-2-(diisopropylamino) ethylmethylphosphono-thioic acid]
ECL Electrochemiluminescence
ED Ethyldichloroarsine
EDEA N-Ethyldiethanolamine
ELFA Enzyme-linked fluorescent immunoassay
ELISA Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay
EMAC Emergency Management Assistance Compact
EMPA Ethyl methylphosphonic acid
EMSL Environmental Monitoring and Support Laboratory
EOC EPA Emergency Operations Center
EPA U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
ERLN EPA's Environmental Response Laboratory Network
ERT Environmental Response Team (EPA)


FBI Federal Bureau of Investigation
FDA U.S. Food and Drug Administration
FERN Food Emergency Response Network
FRET Fluorescence resonance energy transfer
FRMAC Federal Radiological Monitoring and Assessment Center
ft2 Square foot (square feet)


g Gram(s)
GA Tabun
gal Gallon
GB Sarin
GD Soman
GE 1-Methylethyl ester ethyl phosphonofluoridic acid
GF Cyclohexyl sarin
GPS Global Positioning System


HASL Health and Safety Laboratory, currently known as Environmental 
Measurements Laboratory (EML)
HASP Health and Safety Plan
HCl Hydrochloric acid
HCV Hepatitis C Virus
HD Mustard, sulfur
HEV Hepatitis E virus
HFV Hemorrhagic Fever Viruses
Hg Mercury
Hg(CN)2 Mercury (II) cyanide
HILIC MS-MS Hydrophilic interaction-tandem mass spectrometry
HMTD Hexamethylenetriperoxidediamine
HMX Octahydro-1,3,5,7-tetranitro-1,3,5,7-tetrazocine
HN-1 Mustard 1, nitrogen
HN-2 Mustard 2, nitrogen
HN-3 Mustard 3, nitrogen
HNO3 Nitric acid
HPLC-FL High performance liquid chromatography-fluorescence
HSRP Homeland Security Research Program


i.d. Inner diameter
IATA International Air Transportation Association
ICLN Integrated Consortium of Laboratory Networks
IMPA Isopropyl methylphosphonic acid
IO Inorganic
ISM Inorganic Superfund Methods
ISO International Organization for Standardization


kPpa Kilopascals


L Liter(s)
L-1 Lewisite 1
L-2 Lewisite 2
L-3 Lewisite 3
Lab Compendium Compendium of Environmental Testing Laboratories
lbs Pounds
LC-ESI-MS-MS Liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization-tandem mass spectrometry
LC-MS Liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry
LC-MS-MS Liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry
LC-UV Liquid chromatography-ultraviolet
LFA Lateral flow immunoassay
LRN Laboratory Response Network


M Molar
m3 Cubic meter(s)
MALDI-TOF-MS Matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization-time-of-flight mass spectrometry
MCE Mixed cellulose ester
MDEA N-Methyl diethanolamine
mg Milligram(s
min Minute(s)
mL Milliliter(s)
mm Millimeter(s)
mM Millimolar
MPA Methylphosphonic acid
MS/MSD Matrix Spike/Matrix Spike Duplicates


NA Not applicable
Na2CO3 Sodium carbonate
NAHLN National Animal Health Laboratory Network
NaOH Sodium hydroxide
NAREL National Air and Radiation Environmental Laboratory (EPA)
NEMI National Environmental Methods Index
NH3 Ammonia
NH4Cl Ammonium chloride
NH4OH Ammonium hydroxide
NHSRC National Homeland Security Research Center (EPA)
NIFA National Institute of Food and Agriculture
NIOSH National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
NIST National Institute of Standards and Technology
NTTAA National Technology Transfer and Advancement Act


o.d. Outer diameter
OMB Office of Management and Budget Directives
ORD Office of Research and Development (EPA)
ORISE Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education
OSHA Occupational Safety and Health Administration
OVS OSHA versatile sampler
OW Office of Water (EPA)
oz. Ounce(s)


PETN Pentaerythritol tetranitrate
pg. Page(s)
PHILIS Portable High-Throughput Integrated Laboratory Identification Systems
PMPA Pinacolyl methyl phosphonic acid
ppbv Parts-per-billion by volume
PPE Personal protective equipment
ppm Parts per million
pptv Parts per trillion by volume
psi Pound-force per square inch
psig Pounds per square inch gauge
PSN Proper shipping name
PTFE Polytetrafluoroethylene (Teflon®)
PUF Polyurethane foam
PVC Polyvinyl chloride


QA Quality assurance
QC Quality control


RDX Hexahydro-1,3,5-trinitro-1,3,5-triazine
RESL Radiological and Environmental Sciences Laboratory
Rev Revision


SAM Selected Analytical Methods for Environmental Remediation and 
SCID Sample Collection Information Document
SCP Sample Collection Plan
SM Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Wastewater
SOP Standard Operating Procedure
spp. Species
SRS Savannah River National Laboratory, Savannah River Site
SW Solid Waste


TBD To be determined
TDG Thiodiglycol
TEA Triethanolamine
TEPP Tetraethyl pyrophosphate
TETS Tetramethylenedisulfotetramine
TI Transportation Index
TO Toxic organics


UN United Nations
UN# United Nations numbers
URL Uniform resource locator
USAMRIID United States Army Medical Research Institute of Infectious Diseases
USGS United States Geological Survey


VCSB Voluntary Consensus Standards Body
VOA Volatile Organic Analysis
Vol. Volume


WCIT Water Contaminant Information Tool
WLA Water Laboratory Alliance
WWRPTB Wastewater Utility Response Protocol Toolbox

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