An official website of the United States government.

This is not the current EPA website. To navigate to the current EPA website, please go to This website is historical material reflecting the EPA website as it existed on January 19, 2021. This website is no longer updated and links to external websites and some internal pages may not work. More information »

Hazardous Waste Determination Evaluation

This report was prepared by Industrial Economics (IEc), under contract to EPA (contract EP-W-10-002). IEc conducted an independent evaluation and review of EPA’s hazardous waste determination program. The recommendations included in the report are IEc’s recommendations to EPA. They do not necessarily reflect EPA’s opinion. In this report, IEc summarizes facts and opinions that stakeholders conveyed to IEc over the course of the evaluation. In a few instances, EPA disagreed with or raised concerns regarding the accuracy of stakeholder statements. In those cases, EPA has asked IEc to include footnotes to provide clarification. Inclusion of a stakeholder’s opinion in this report does not constitute agreement or endorsement by EPA of the stakeholder’s opinion.

In the course of preparing this report IEc spoke to numerous stakeholders, including individual hazardous waste generators, trade associations, hazardous waste service providers, and state and Regional regulators. EPA is grateful to the many stakeholders for their time and generosity in allowing IEc to talk with them as part of this evaluation. EPA is particularly thankful to those stakeholders who opened their doors for facility tours and those who coordinated and facilitated meetings and site visits.

You may need a PDF reader to view some of the files on this page. See EPA’s About PDF page to learn more.