About the Federal Air Rules for Reservations (FARR)
- What is the FARR?
- Who's covered by the FARR?
- Why is the FARR important?
- Who enforces the FARR?
- FARR rules in the Code of Federal Regulations
What is the FARR?
The Federal Air Rules for Indian Reservations are a set of air quality regulations that apply to Indian reservations in Idaho, Oregon and Washington. The FARR became effective on June 7, 2005.
Who's covered by the FARR?
The FARR applies to all residents (both tribal members and non-tribal members) and businesses located within the federally-recognized exterior boundaries of the 39 reservations in Idaho, Oregon and Washington listed in the table below.
The ownership status of land on the reservation does not affect how the FARR rules apply.
- Facilities currently registered under the FARR
- Interactive map of tribal air programs in Region 10 (includes air monitoring information, access to air quality data, and locations of permitted facilities)
|Burns Paiute Tribe of the Burns Paiute Indian Colony of Oregon||Oregon|
|Coeur d’Alene Tribe of the Coeur d'Alene Reservation||Idaho|
|Confederated Tribes of the Chehalis Reservation||Washington|
|Confederated Tribes of the Colville Reservation||Washington|
|Confederated Tribes of the Coos, Lower Umpqua and Siuslaw Indians of Oregon||Oregon|
|Confederated Tribes of the Grand Ronde Community of Oregon||Oregon|
|Confederated Tribes of Siletz||Oregon|
|Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation||Oregon|
|Confederated Tribes of the Warm Springs Reservation||Oregon|
|Confederated Tribes and Bands of the Yakama Nation||Washington|
|Coquille Tribe of Oregon||Oregon|
|Cow Creek Band of Umpqua Indians of Oregon||Oregon|
|Hoh Indian Tribe of the Hoh Indian Reservation||Washington|
|Jamestown S’Klallam Tribe of Washington||Washington|
|Kalispel Indian community of the Kalispel Reservation||Washington|
|Klamath Indian tribe of Oregon||Oregon|
|Kootenai Tribe of Idaho||Idaho|
|Lower Elwha Tribal Community of the Lower Elwha Reservation||Washington|
|Lummi Tribe of the Lummi Reservation||Washington|
|Makah Indian Tribe of the Makah Indian Reservation||Washington|
|Muckleshoot Indian Tribe of the Muckleshoot Reservation||Washington|
|Nez Perce Tribe of Idaho||Idaho|
|Nisqually Indian Tribe of the Nisqually Reservation||Washington|
|Nooksack Indian Tribe of Washington||Washington|
|Port Gamble Indian Community of the Port Gamble Reservation||Washington|
|Puyallup Tribe of the Puyallup Reservation||Washington|
|Quileute Tribe of the Quileute Reservation||Washington|
|Quinault Tribe of the Quinault Reservation||Washington|
|Sauk-Suiattle Indian Tribe of Washington||Washington|
|Shoalwater Bay Tribe of the Shoalwater Bay Indian Reservation||Washington|
|Shoshone-Bannock Tribes of the Fort Hall Indian Reservation||Idaho|
|Skokomish Indian Tribe of the Skokomish Reservation||Washington|
|Spokane Tribe of the Spokane Reservation||Washington|
|Squaxin Island Tribe of the Squaxin Island Reservation||Washington|
|Stillaguamish Tribe of Washington||Washington|
|Suquamish Indian Tribe of the Port Madison Reservation||Washington|
|Swinomish Indians of the Swinomish Reservation||Washington|
|Tulalip Tribes of the Tulalip Reservation||Washington|
|Upper Skagit Indian Tribe of Washington||Washington|
Why is the FARR important?
The FARR protects human health and the environment for approximately 200,000 people on reservations in the Pacific Northwest. Before these rules were passed, very few basic air quality rules applied to Indian reservations under the federal Clean Air Act. State and local air agencies do not have authority to administer their rules on Indian lands.
The EPA has not yet approved any tribal-managed air programs in Idaho, Oregon and Washington, so the FARR is an important step in ensuring that federally enforceable rules are in place to provide basic air quality protection on these reservations.
Who enforces the FARR?
The EPA has sole enforcement authority under the FARR.
FARR rules in the Code of Federal Regulations
The FARR is made up of the following 16 federal rules published in the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR):
- Partial Delegation of Administrative Authority to a Tribe - 40 CFR Part 49, Section 122 (PDF)(2 pp, 184 K)
- Visible Emissions - 40 CFR Part 49, Section 124 (PDF)(2 pp, 184 K)
- Particulate Matter - 40 CFR Part 49, Section 125 (PDF)(1 pg, 180 K)
- Fugitive Particulate Matter - 40 CFR Part 49, Section 126 (PDF)(2 pp, 184 K)
- Woodwaste Burners - 40 CFR Part 49, Section 127 (PDF)(2 pp, 184 K)
- Particulate Matter Emissions from Wood Products Industry Sources - 40 CFR Part 49, Section 128 (PDF)(2 pp, 199 K)
- Sulfur Dioxide - 40 CFR Part 49, Section 129 (PDF)(1 pg, 196 K)
- Sulfur Content of Fuels - 40 CFR Part 49, Section 130 (PDF)(2 pp, 222 K)
- Open Burning - 40 CFR Part 49, Section 131 (PDF)(2 pp, 184 K)
- General Open Burning Permits - 40 CFR Part 49, Section 132 (PDF)(3 pp, 187 K)
- Agricultural Burning Permits - 40 CFR Part 49, Section 133 (PDF)(2 pp, 184 K)
- Forestry and Silvicultural Burning Permits - 40 CFR Part 49, Section 134 (PDF)(2 pp, 184 K)
- Emissions Detrimental to Public Health or Welfare - 40 CFR Part 49, Section 135 (PDF)(1 pg, 180 K)
- Air Pollution Episodes - 40 CFR Part 49, Section 137 (PDF)(3 pp, 201 K)
- Registration of Air Pollution Sources and Report of Emissions - 40 CFR Part 49, Section 138 (PDF)(3 pp, 201 K)
- Non-Title V Operation Permits - 40 CFR Part 49, Section 139 (PDF)(4 pp, 189 K)
Full version: Federal Implementation Plans Under the Clean Air Act for Indian Reservations in Idaho, Oregon and Washington; Final Rule - 40 CFR Parts 9 and 49 (PDF)(62 pp, 449 K)
Definitions: General provisions - 40 CFR Part 49.123 (PDF)(7 pp, 258 K)