An official website of the United States government.

This is not the current EPA website. To navigate to the current EPA website, please go to This website is historical material reflecting the EPA website as it existed on January 19, 2021. This website is no longer updated and links to external websites and some internal pages may not work. More information »

Sustainable Marketplace: Greener Products and Services

FLOORING: Tile, Resilient, and Other Non-carpet

EPA recommends the following private sector standards/ecolabels be used when purchasing flooring (tile, resilient, and other non-carpet). All federal ecolabel program(s) and statutory requirement(s) that apply to this product category are also listed below. If you are a U.S. federal government employee who would like free access to one of the private sector standards or ecolabels recommended by EPA, please email the EPP Program (

Many of the following links exit the site Exit

Recommended Private Sector Standards/Ecolabels

1st Choice Private Sector Standards/Ecolabels:

Multi-attribute with confirmed accredited or conforming certification body:

Cradle to Cradle Certified™ Product Standard1 #

CradletoCradle LogoAccess standard.

Find products.

Good Environmental Choice Australia (GECA) Floor Coverings1 *

GECA LogoAccess standard.

Find products.

GreenCircle Certified Environmental Facts for Flooring Products1*

GreenCircle LogoAccess standard.

Find products.

NSF/ANSI 332 Sustainability Assessment for Resilient Floor Coverings1

NSF LogoAccess standard.

Find products.

Also find products from: SCS Global Services and UL SPOT

Tile Council of North America (TCNA): ANSI A138.1/ Green Squared1

TCNA LogoAccess standard.

Find products.

Top of Page

If a product meeting a 1st Choice standard/ecolabel is not available, agencies can use one of these multi-attribute standards/ecolabels**:

International Living Future Institute: Living Product ChallengeSM1.01 * #

Living Product Challenge LogoAccess standard.

Find products.

Sustainable Materials Rating Technology (SMaRT)1 # AND the specification below.

SMaRT LogoAccess standard.

Find products.

Top of Page

If a product meeting one of the standards/ecolabels above is not available, agencies can use one or more of these single-attribute standards/ecolabels to address key hotspots:

Indoor Air Quality/VOC Emissions/Other Leadership Approaches to Chemicals:

International Living Future Institute: Declare 1 * #

Declare LogoAccess standard.

Find products.

Indoor Air Quality/VOC Emissions:


FloorScore LogoAccess standard.

Find products.

SCS Indoor Advantage™ Gold1

SCS Indoor LogoAccess standard.

Find products.

UL 2818 GREENGUARD Certification Program For Chemical Emissions For Building Materials, Finishes And Furnishings1

UL 2818 Greenguard LogoAccess standard.

Find products.

Recycled Content:

Global Recycled Standard1AND the specification below

GlobalRecycledStandard LogoAccess standard.

Find products.

Please note that these recommendations do not currently consider the standards’/ecolabels’/ certifications’ effectiveness in addressing the potential environmental impacts of material harvesting and/or extraction.

Top of Page

Recommended Specification

Add this specification when using SMaRT or the Global Recycled Standard:

Products shall meet California Department of Public Health (CDPH) Standard Method for Testing and Evaluation of VOC (Volatile Organic Chemical) Emissions from Indoor Sources Using Environmental Chambers, Version 1.1-2010.

This VOC emission specification is necessary because this hotspot may not be addressed adequately for flooring meeting SMaRT or the Global Recycled Standard.

Top of Page

Federal Ecolabel Program

Agencies can use:

BioPreferred LogoBioPreferred® Program – USDA Certified Biobased

Top of Page

Statutory Requirements

Products shall meet these statutory requirements:

Fp logoBioPreferred® Program – Federal Purchasing


When BioPreferred and CPG are both required, the agency shall purchase the item that meets the CPG requirements (per FAR 23.405 Procedures (c) and Farm Security and Rural Investment Act, Section 9002 (b)).

Top of Page

Inclusion in the Recommendations is not an endorsement by EPA of the standards/ecolabels or of any of the products conformant to these standards/ecolabels, but rather a statement that the standard/ecolabel meets either EPA’s Guidelines or is recommended for use by another Federal agency.