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Sustainable Marketplace: Greener Products and Services


EPA recommends the following private sector standards/ecolabels be used when purchasing furniture. All federal ecolabel program(s) and statutory requirement(s) that apply to this product category are also listed below. If you are a U.S. federal government employee who would like free access to one of the private sector standards or ecolabels recommended by EPA, please email the EPP Program (

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Recommended Private Sector Standards/Ecolabels

1st Choice Private Sector Standards/Ecolabels:

Multi-attribute with confirmed accredited or conforming certification body:

ANSI/BIFMA e-3 Furniture Sustainability Standard – level® certified1 AND specification 1 & 2 below

BIFMA Level logoAccess standard.

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Cradle to Cradle Certified™ Product Standard1 # AND specification 1 (unless certified Gold or Platinum) & 2 below

CradletoCradle LogoAccess standard.

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Good Environmental Choice Australia (GECA) Furniture, Fittings, and Foam1 * AND specification 2 below

GECA LogoAccess standard.

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TÜV Rheinland® Green Product Mark1 AND specification 2 below

TÜV RheinlandGreenProduct LogoAccess standard.

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Please note that these recommendations do not currently consider the standards’/ecolabels’/ certifications’ effectiveness in addressing the potential environmental impacts of material harvesting and/or extraction.

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If a product meeting a 1st Choice standard/ecolabel is not available, agencies can use one of these multi-attribute standards/ecolabels**:

International Living Future Institute: Living Product ChallengeSM1.01 * #AND specification 2 below

Living Product Challenge LogoAccess standard.

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Sustainable Furnishings Council Exemplary1 * AND specification 1 & 2 below

SustainableFurnishingsCouncilExemplary LogoAccess standard.

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Sustainable Materials Rating Technology (SMaRT)1 # AND specification 1 & 2 below

SMaRT LogoAccess standard.

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**These are standards/ecolabels for which EPA has not been able to confirm that an accredited or conforming certification body is available (more information in footnotes).

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If a product meeting one of the standards/ecolabels above is not available, agencies can use one or more of these single-attribute standards/ecolabels to address key hotspots:

Indoor Air Quality/VOC Emissions/Other Leadership Approaches to Chemicals:

International Living Future Institute: Declare 1 * # AND specification 2 below

Declare LogoAccess standard.

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Indoor Air Quality/VOC Emissions:

SCS Indoor Advantage™ Gold for Furniture1 AND specification 1 & 2 below

SCS Indoor LogoAccess standard.

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UL 2818 GREENGUARD Certification Program For Chemical Emissions For Building Materials, Finishes And Furnishings1 AND specification 2 below

UL 2818 Greenguard LogoAccess standard.

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Recycled Content:

Global Recycled Standard1 AND specification 1 & 2 below

GlobalRecycledStandard LogoAccess standard.

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Association for Contract Textiles NSF/ANSI 336: Sustainability Assessment for Commercial Furnishings Fabric1 AND specification 1 & 2 below

NSF LogoAccess standard.

Find products (UL SPOT).

EPA did not specifically solicit textile standards/ecolabels for the pilot. There could be others that are interested in being assessed per the Guidelines and considered for EPA’s Recommendations in the future.

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Recommended Specifications

1) Add this specification when using the ANSI/BIFMA e-3, Cradle to Cradle (unless certified Gold or Platinum), Sustainable Furnishings Council Exemplary, SMaRT, SCS, Global Recycled Standard, and NSF/ANSI 336: Products shall meet the emissions requirements of BIFMA e3 criterion 7.6.2, or equivalent.

This VOC emission specification is necessary because this hotspot may not be addressed adequately for furniture meeting ANSI/BIFMA e-3, Cradle to Cradle, Sustainable Furnishings Council Exemplary, SMaRT, SCS, Global Recycled Standard, and NSF/ANSI 336.

2) Add this specification when using any of the private sector standards/ ecolabels listed above: Upholstered products shall meet Technical Bulletin 117-2013 (California’s furniture flammability standard) and must comply with the labeling requirements California Senate Bill 1019, which was passed on September 30, 2014, and requires a label indicating whether the product contains or does not contain added Flame Retardants.

Applicable to ALL private sector standards/ecolabels listed above because Hazardous Flame Retardants are not addressed.

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Federal Ecolabel Program

Agencies can use:

BioPreferred LogoBioPreferred® Program – USDA Certified Biobased

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Statutory Requirement

Products shall meet this statutory requirement:


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Inclusion in the Recommendations is not an endorsement by EPA of the standards/ecolabels or of any of the products conformant to these standards/ecolabels, but rather a statement that the standard/ecolabel meets either EPA’s Guidelines or is recommended for use by another Federal agency.