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Greening EPA

Sustainable Design of EPA's Campus in Research Triangle Park, NC—Environmental Performance Specifications in Construction Contracts—Section 01690 Waste Materials Management and Recycling



  • Drawings and general provisions of each prime Contract, including General and Supplementary Conditions and other Division 1 Specification Sections, apply to this Section


  • This Section includes required salvage and recycling of the following waste materials and applies to all such listed waste materials produced during the course of this Contract:
    • Land Clearing Debris: Solid waste generated solely from land clearing operations, such as stumps and trees
      • See Division 2 "Site Clearing" section for requirements for salvage and processing of designated materials to produce mulch for use in landscape construction for this project. Material required for production of landscape mulch is not classified as "land clearing debris
    • Concrete, Masonry, and Other Inert Fill Material: Concrete, brick, rock, clean soil not intended for other on-site use, broken up asphalt pavement containing no ABC stone, clay, concrete, or other contaminents, and other inert material
  • Metals: Metal scrap including iron, steel, copper, brass, and aluminum
  • Untreated Wood: Unpainted, untreated dimensional lumber, plywood, oriented strand board, masonite, particleboard, and wood shipping pallets
  • Gypsum Wallboard Scrap: Excess drywall construction materials including cuttings, other scrap, and excess materials
  • Salvaged Materials: Reusable lumber, fixtures, and building supplies
  • Cardboard: Clean, corrugated cardboard such as used for packaging, etc.
  • Paper: Discarded office refuse such as unwanted files, correspondence, etc.
  • Plastic Buckets: Containers for various liquid and semi-solid or viscous construction materials and compounds
  • Beverage Containers: Aluminum, glass, and plastic containers
  • Other Mixed Construction and Demolition Waste: Solid waste resulting solely from construction, remodeling, repair, or demolition operations on pavement, buildings, or other structures exclusive of waste materials listed herewith
  • Non-Recyclable Waste: Collect and segregate non-recyclable waste for delivery to a permitted landfill site
    • Mixed Solid Waste: Solid waste usually collected as a municiple service, exclusive of waste materials listed above
  • Hazardous Waste: Control and disposal of hazardous waste is specified in Division 1 "Environmental Protection" section


  • Waste Materials are defined as large and small pieces of the materials indicated which are excess to the contract requirements and generally include materials which are to be salvaged from existing construction and items of trimmings, cuttings and damaged goods resulting from new installations, which can not be effectively used in the Work


  • Construction Waste Management Plan: Before start of construction, submit for the approval of the Contracting Officer's Representative a construction waste management plan indicating how Contractor proposes to collect, segregate, and dispose of all construction wastes and debris produced by the work of this Contract. Show compliance with regulations specified under "Quality Assurance" article below. Include a list of recycling facilities to which indicated recyclable materials will be distributed for disposal. Identify materials that are not recyclable or otherwise conservable that must be disposed of in a landfill or other means acceptable under governing State and local regulations. List permitted landfills and/or other disposal means to be employed. Indicate any instances where compliance with requirements of this specification does not appear to be possible and request resolution from the Contracting Officer through the Contracting Officer's Representative
  • Delivery Receipts: Provide to the Construction Quality Manager delivery receipts for waste materials salvaged and sent to permitted waste materials processors or recyclers within 48 hours of delivery that indicate the location and name of firm accepting recyclable waste materials, types of materials, net weights of each type, date of delivery and value of materials


  • Regulatory Requirements: Comply with all applicable requirements of State of North Carolina Department of Environment, Health, and Natural Resources Policy Memorandum #16 Concerning Management of Construction, Demolition, Land Clearing, Inert, and Yard Trash Debris and any and all subsequent modifications and amendments to same
    • Comply with applicable local ordinances and regulations in addition to the above
  • Disposal Sites, Recyclers, and Waste Materials Processors: Use only facilities properly permitted by the State of North Carolina, and by local authorities where applicable
  • Pre-Construction Waste Management Conference: Prior to beginning work at the site, schedule and conduct a conference to review the Construction Waste Management Plan and discuss procedures, schedules and specific requirements for waste materials recycling and disposal. Discuss coordination and interface between the Contractor and other construction activities. Identify and resolve problems with compliance with requirements. Record minutes of the meeting, identifying all conclusions reached and matters requiring further resolution
  • Attendees: The Contractor and related Contractor personnel associated with the work of this section, including personnel to be in charge of the waste management program; the Construction Quality Manager; the Contracting Officer; the Contracting officer's Representative; and such additional Government personnel as the Contracting Officer deems appropriate
  • Plan Revison: Make any revisions to the Construction Waste Management Plan agreed upon during the meeting and incorporate resolutions agreed to be made subsequent to the meeting. Submit the revised plan to the Contracting Officer's Representative for approval
  • Implementation: Designate an on-site party responsible for instructing workers and implementing the Construction Waste Management Plan. Distribute copies of the Construction Waste Management Plan to the job site foreman and each subcontractor. Include waste management and recycling in worker orientation. Provide on-site instruction on appropriate separation, handling, recycling, and salvaging methods to be used by all parties at the appropriate stages of the work at the site. Include waste management and recycling discussion in pre-fabrication meetings with subcontractors and fabricators. Also include discussion of waste management and recycling in regular job meetings and job safety meetings conducted during the course of work at the site
  • Resources: The Triangle J Council of Government Guide to Construction and Demolition Waste Recycling and Disposal in the Triangle is available by mail, free of charge (FAX request to Triangle J Construction and Demolition Waste Task Force at 919+549-9390)

    The Triangle J Construction and Demolition Waste Task Force and the North Carolina Department of Environment, Health, and Natural Resources Division of Pollution Prevention and Environmental Assistance will also provide technical consultation for developing and implementing the Construction Waste Management Plan


  • Site Storage: Remove all indicated recyclable materials from the work location to approved containers daily. Failure to remove waste materials will be considered cause for withholding payment and termination of Contract
  • Position covered containers for recyclable waste materials at a designated location on the Project Site. Select a location for the recyclable materials containers separated from that of general waste and rubbish containers. Provide separate collection containers for a minimum of the following materials:
    • Untreated lumber
  • Gypsum wallboard
  • Paper, paper products, and cardboard
  • Plastics
  • Metals
  • Glass
  • Other salvageable materials
  • Change out loaded containers for empty ones as demand requires, but not less than weekly
  • Handling: Deposit all indicated recyclable materials in the containers in a clean (no mud, adhesives, solvents, petroleum contamination), debris-free condition. Do not deposit contaminated materials into the containers until such time as such materials have been cleaned
  • If the contamination chemically combines with the material so that it can not be cleaned, do not deposit into the recycle containers. In such case, request resolution by the Construction Quality Manager as to disposal of the contaminated material. Directions from the Construction Quality Manager do not relieve the Contractor from compliance with all legal and regulatory requirements for disposal, nor shall such directions cause a request for modification of the Contract


  • Environmental Requirements: Transport recyclable waste materials from the Work Area to the recycle containers and carefully deposit in the containers without excess noise and interference with other activities, in a manner to minimize noise and dust. Reclose container covers immediately after materials are deposited
    • Do not place recyclable waste materials on the ground adjacent to a container
  • Existing Conditions: Coordinate with "Instructions to Bidders" and "Supplementary Conditions"




    General: Implement waste management procedures in accordance with approved construction waste management plan. Maintain procedure throughout the life of this ContractSource Separation: Separate, store, protect, and handle at the project site all identified recyclable and salvageable waste products to prevent contamination of materials and maximize recyclability and salvageability of materialsArrange for the regular collection, transport from the site, and delivery to respective approved recycling centers of indicated recyclable waste materials. Maintain records accessible to the Contracting Officer's Representative for verification of construction waste materials recyclingDelivery Receipts: Arrange for timely pickups from the site or deliveries to approved recycling facilities of designated waste materials to keep construction site clear and prevent contamination of recyclable materials. Keep and maintain records of all deliveries to recycling facilities and all pickups of waste materials at the site by others as specified above

    General: The following paragraphs supplement handling requirements for various of the materials identified for classification and recycling listed in Part 1 "Summary" article above
  • Paper: Classify and handle waste paper goods as follows:
    • Bond Paper: As generally found in the construction offices and used for specifications, correspondence, copiers, PC laser printers and FAX machines. Collect in a separate container at each workstation and deposit loose in the appropriate recycle container daily
  • Newsprint: Newspapers and tabloid style advertising (slick finish magazines and advertising materials are not typically recyclable). Collect in a single location and deposit daily in the appropriate recycle container
  • Diazo Prints (drawings): Set up a single location for collection. Roll together to minimize space. Deposit daily in the appropriate recycle container
  • Packaging materials:
    • Cardboard and paperboard cartons and boxes: Knock-down, fold flat and deposit in the appropriate recycle container
  • Paper packing materials (separators, stiffeners, etc.) shall be placed in the same container
  • Newsprint, used as packing (shredded or whole), shall be deposited in the recyclable container for newsprint
  • Plastic (polystyrene peanuts and other shapes) shall be deposited in the recyclable container for plastics
  • Metal and plastic banding materials shall be deposited in the appropriate container
  • Metals: Cut all items to lengths and sizes to fit within the container provided, when necessary. Where there is sufficient quantity of a specific recyclable waste item (for example; salvaged metal roofing or duct work), make special arrangements for items to be bundled, banded or tied, and stack in a designated location for a special pick-up. Coordinate all special arrangements with the Construction Quality Manager
  • Plastics: Collect recyclable plastics (polystyrene and others specifically marked for recycling) daily from work areas and deposit in designated containers
  • Glass: Remove waste glass products (sheet, bottles, etc.) daily from the work area and deposit in designated containers. Where glass containers are marked for separation by color or type, segregate glass accordingly. Glass containing imbedded wire (typical in some fire rated doors having glazed lights) is usually not reprocessed; verify with the Construction Quality Manager that wire glass is not recyclable
  • Gypsum Wallboard: Separate gypsum wallboard from other wastes. Dispose of waste gypsum wallboard off-site at a gypsum reclamation or recycling facility, or on-site as a soil amendment
  • For on-site application as a soil amendment, incorporate waste gypsum wallboard in landscape areas under construction, at a rate of 50 pounds per 1000 square feet, or approximately one ton per acre
    • Material must be unpainted gypsum wallboard from new construction, ground to reduce material to a fine particle size (70% passing a 100 mesh screen), and must be fully incorporated into the soil surface
  • The above specified application rate may be increased if a soil analysis is reviewed by, and approval granted from the Solid Waste Section, North Carolina Department of Environment, Health, and Natural Resources
  • Other Items: Where recyclability classification of any given waste material is unclear, verify with the Construction Quality Manager