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Hazardous Waste Cleanup: KLI Site in Milford, Virginia

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EPA Region III completed a Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) Facility Assessment (RFA) in January 1989 which identified 13 Solid Waste Management Units (SWMUs) and 2 Areas of Concern (AOCs).

    Cleanup Status

    In December 2012, the facility's Hazardous Waste Management Permit was modified to incorporate a final remedy detailed in a Statement of Basis developed by the Virginia Department of Environmental Quality (DEQ), which includes groundwater monitoring and institutional controls. The Permit became effective on December 21, 2012 and represents Remedy Selection and Remedy Construction Complete determinations in accordance with the Corrective Action process.

    The final remedy requires the facility to maintain a groundwater monitoring program and to develop and maintain groundwater use restrictions known as institutional controls that will prevent current and potential future exposure to groundwater contamination and assure that the groundwater use does not change until the groundwater objectives are met.

    In August 2015, the Facility demonstrated stable groundwater conditions in support of terminating Post Closure Care. A revised CMI plan was approved to implement Corrective Action groundwater monitoring outside of the Permit. The facility recorded a Uniform Environmental Covenants Act (UECA) covenant on March 21, 2016 which requires compliance with institutional controls and compliance with the approved CMI plan. The Hazardous Waste Management Permit was allowed to expire on May 27, 2016.  

    A Long Term Stewardship Inspection was conducted in March 2017 and a report can be found here.

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      Site Description

      Interactive Map of KLI Site, Milford, VA

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      The facility is located south of the town of Milford in Caroline County, Virginia. The facility site consists of a 21.33-acre parcel bounded by Industrial Drive (Route 640) to the west, Route 773 to the south, Hoover Wood Products to the east, and Jones Chemical to the south.

      During approximately 1968 to 1988, the following three businesses were operated at the facility: Keller Extrusions of Virginia, Inc., Keller Building Products of Virginia, Inc., and Keller Ladders of Virginia. Management of wastewater prior to the construction of a surface impoundment in 1977 is unclear. The property contains a drainage ditch located next to the surface impoundment and parallel to Route 773. The drainage ditch contains two drains that are constructed below Route 773, which discharge into neighboring wetlands.

      EPA Region III completed a RCRA Facility Assessment (RFA) in January 1989 which identified 13 Solid Waste Management Units (SWMUs) and 2 Areas of Concern (AOCs).

      On May 27, 2006, a Post-Closure Care Permit (Permit) with the RCRA Corrective Action (CA) Module and Attachments was issued to KLI, Inc., by the Virginia Department of Environmental Quality (DEQ). The Permit required post-closure care of a hazardous waste surface impoundment, groundwater monitoring, and site-wide CA. In January 2007 Milford Investment Properties, LLC, bought the KLI, Inc. property and assumed responsibility for the RCRA CA.  A RCRA Facility Investigation (RFI) was determined to be complete on January 13, 2011.

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      Contaminants at this Facility

      The primary contaminants in the groundwater at the facility are tetrachloroethylene and 1,1-dichloroethane.

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      Institutional and Engineering Controls at this Facility

      Institutional controls to be utilized at the site require the inspection and maintenance of the cap on the hazardous waste surface impoundment, a groundwater monitoring program, and groundwater use restrictions.  These controls are enforceable through a uniform environmental covenant  (UECA) recorded on March 21, 2016.

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      Land Reuse Information at this Facility

      The site is currently leased as a staging area for nearby construction activities.

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      Site Responsibility at this Facility

      RCRA Corrective Action activities at this facility are being conducted under the direction of the Virginia Department of Environmental Quality with assistance from the EPA Region 3.

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