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Hazardous Waste Cleanup: Hawkins Point Hazardous Waste Landfill in Baltimore, Maryland

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The MES Hawkins Point Controlled Hazardous Substance (CHS) Landfill is located within the Curtis Bay Industrial Area adjacent to Thomas Cove, near the southern Baltimore City limits, at the Francis Scott Key Bridge. The landfill's address is 5501 Quarantine Road, Baltimore, Maryland 21226. The surrounding land use is primarily zoned for heavy industrial use. Some limited undeveloped parkland does exist. There are no residences within 1,000 feet of the facility boundary.

Cleanup Status

A meeting and site visit was conducted on April 1, 2010 at the Maryland Environmental Services (MES) Hawkins Point Hazardous Waste Landfill. The USEPA Region III and the Maryland Department of the Environment (MDE) are reviewing the available data and reports to determine the next steps in the Corrective Action program.

On October 6, 2010, EPA classified the site as meeting both Environmental Indicators (EI): the EI 725 (site currently protective of human health) and the EI 750 (migration of contaminated groundwater currently under control). Based on available data, there are no imminent threats to human health and the environment.

On June 15, 1985, EPA issued a Hazardous Waste Management Corrective Action Permit (Permit) to MES Hawkins Point Landfill, for a closed hazardous waste landfill under the authority of the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA). The permit has since expired and EPA is in the process of reissuing the permit in accordance with 40 CFR 270 obligations including implementation of the final remedy.

To gather the information necessary to reissue the permit, on September 28th, 2011, EPA requested that MES Hawkins Point Landfill submit a permit renewal application for corrective action activities pursuant to 40 CRF 264.101 for the closed landfill. EPA asked MES to submit information regarding the status of the landfill and any solid waste management units, an update of corrective action and associated activities at the facility since issuance of the 1985 permit.

The public notice of the draft Maryland Department of the Environment (MDE) permit that would renew the post-closure permit for the Hawkins Point landfill (EPA ID No. MDD000731356) was published on September 29, 2012  in the Baltimore Sun. The permit calls for groundwater monitoring and restrictions on the future use of the property. The public comment period was closed on November 19, 2012.

MDE issued a renewal of the post-closure permit for the Hawkins Point Hazardous Waste Landfill with an effective date of December 10, 2012.

EPA issued a Permit and Final Decision and Response to Comments on May 13, 2013. The final remedy will be groundwater monitoring and institutional controls.

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Site Description

Interactive Map of Hawkins Point Hazardous Waste Landfill, Baltimore, Maryland

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Contaminants at this Facility

Constituent of potential concern (COPC) in groundwater is chromium. Chromium has infrequently been present above its respective Federal Maximum Contaminant Levels (MCLs) in groundwater monitoring wells. The source of the chromium is the chrome-ore processing residue (COPR) that was disposed of in the landfill. The contaminated groundwater from the landfill is captured in a leachate collection system and is pumped to a storage tank. The stored leachate is shipped offsite for treatment. The landfill is clay lined and capped which inhibits contaminated groundwater flow. There are also monitoring wells onsite that are sampled quarterly. There does not appear to be any contaminated groundwater leaving the site at concentrations that pose unacceptable risk to people and the environment.

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Institutional and Engineering Controls at this Facility

Institutional /Engineering Control Summary
Restrictions or Controls that Address: Yes No
Groundwater Use   X
Residential Use X  
Excavation X  
Vapor Intrusion   X
Capped Area(s) X  
Other Engineering Controls X  
Other Restrictions   X
  • Institutional Controls are on the entire facility and preclude residential use and excavation of landfill areas.
  • The landfill areas filled with chromium containing wastes are capped.
  • Groundwater monitor is on the entire site.

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Land Reuse Information at this Facility

The site's future use is yet to be determined.

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Site Responsibility at this Facility

RCRA Corrective Action activities at this facility have been conducted under the direction of EPA Region 3 with assistance from the Maryland Department of the Environment .