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Hazardous Waste Cleanup: C and D Technologies Incorporated in Leola, Pennsylvania

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Cleanup Status

Historical releases of regulated substances have occurred at various times between 1982 and 1998.


2012 and 2013 - During Site decommissioning, a 2012 soils investigation was conducted to evaluate potential presence of lead in soils within Building A and between Buildings A and B.  This included areas for deliveries, equipment handling, storm sewer drainage, above ground tanks and underground tanks.  A total of 129 samples from 61 soil boring locations as well as 11 other sampling locations, including sediments from the stormwater sewer line, were collected.  Several surface and subsurface samples contained lead at concentrations above the direct contact and soil to groundwater Act 2 Statewide Health Standards (SHSs), particularly in the stormwater drainage ditch.  An additional soil investigation in 2013 focusing on this impacted stormwater drainage ditch area.  As a number of areas along the ditch were found to have elevated lead levels, soil was removed along the entire length and width of the drainage ditch, as well as the sediment from a collection sump near the railroad tracks. 

            Between 1982 and 2013, approximately 593 tons of material was removed and transported off-site for treatment.  Post-excavation sampling confirmed soils did not show lead levels above residential and non-residential SHS at the Site. 


            In March 2013, five (5) on-site monitoring wells were installed, and groundwater samples were collected and analyzed for volatile organic compounds, semivolatile organic compounds, and metals. The only parameter to be detected at a concentration above the residential used-aquifer SHS in Site groundwater was dissolved lead (7.5 ug/l in MW-5). The residential used-aquifer SHS for lead is 5 ug/l.  Well MW-5 is located in the southwestern portion of Tract 1, near the stormwater drainage ditch and areas of previously excavated lead-impacted soil.  Soil containing lead at concentrations above its residential soil SHS was excavated from the drainage ditch during previous remedial activities conducted at the Site (see above).  Dissolved lead was not detected above the residential used-aquifer SHS in any other groundwater location.

            In July 2013 and February 2014, groundwater was collected from on-site monitoring wells to further characterize and delineate dissolved lead detected previously in groundwater.  During these monitoring events, lead was not detected in groundwater above the residential used-aquifer SHS at any location, including MW-5.

            As there was one sample in early 2013 that showed a slightly elevated level of dissolved lead at MW-5, the Facility performed a Human Health Risk Assessment (HHRA) to evaluate potential risks associated with dissolved lead in groundwater at the Site.  The site-specific HHRA was conducted to provide quantitative analysis of current and future on-site and off-site land use scenarios based on the nature of the dissolved lead detected in the groundwater, potential exposure pathways to human receptors, and the degree to which these exposures may pose adverse effects.

            The Site and hydraulically downgradient properties have been commercially developed and, although future use of the Site for residential purposes is highly unlikely, the HHRA conservatively evaluated potential on-site and off-site residential exposure to dissolved lead in groundwater.  The HHRA shows that there is no unacceptable risk to lead in groundwater for residential or non-residential land-use scenarios for the Site.

            A report on the Site investigations and remedial work was submitted April 2014.   PADEP provided Act 2 approval on July 09, 2014.  No land-use or groundwater-use controls were required by PADEP.

The Environmental Indicators (EIs) were completed on January 2001. The two EIs are called "Current Human Exposures Under Control" and "Migration of Contaminated Groundwater Under Control." 

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Site Description

Interactive Map of C and D Technologies Incorporated. Leola, Pennsylvania

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The C and D facility manufactures integrated reserve power systems (lead-acid batteries) for the telecommunications industry.  The facility is located along PA Route 23, Upper Leacock Township, Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, east of the town of Leola.  The facility area is agricultural/residential/light industrial, mostly served by public water and sewer.

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Contaminants at this Facility

The primary contaminant at the site is lead, from battery manufacture.

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Institutional and Engineering Controls at this Facility

    EPA is proposing that no controls are needed at this Facility.

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    Land Reuse Information at this Facility

    The site is under continued use.

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    Site Responsibility at this Facility

    Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) Corrective Action activities at this facility have been conducted under the direction of EPA Region 3.

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