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Hazardous Waste Cleanup: Safety-Kleen Systems, Incorporated in Wheeling, West Virginia

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The Facility has been routinely monitored since 1993, and the groundwater monitoring wells were routinely sampled on a qum1erly basis between January 2000, and April 2009. At the request of the EPA and West Virginia Department of Environmental Protection (WVDEP), activities at the Facility were reinitiated in 2012 with the purpose of characterizing Facility groundwater quality conditions.

Cleanup Status

On July 9, 2014, the Safety Kleen site located in Wheeling, WV achieved construction completion of its final remedy.  A 30 day public comment period occurred from May 30, 2014 to June 29, 2014 soliciting comments on a Statement of Basis describing Safety Kleen’s final remedy and land and groundwater use restrictions for implementation of the final remedy.  One comment was received but did not change the remedy proposed in the Statement of Basis. Consequently, the final remedy is unchanged from the proposed remedy. The final remedy consists of natural attenuation, requiring the Facility to maintain a groundwater monitoring program and to implement and maintain groundwater use restrictions through Institutional Controls. Safety Kleen continues to conduct routine groundwater monitoring for remedial effectiveness. The Covenant for land and groundwater use restrictions was signed on August 10, 2015.

Cleanup Background

A meeting and site visit was conducted on October 7, 2009, at the Safety-Kleen Systems, Inc. facility in Wheeling, West Virginia. The USEPA Region III and the West Virginia Department of Environmental Quality (DEQ) is reviewing the available data and reports to determine the next steps in the Corrective Action program and to make a determination with regard to the groundwater Environmental Indicators.

On September 9, 2011, EPA classified the site as meeting Human Health Environmental Indicator EI 725 (site currently protective of human health). Based on available data, there are no imminent threats to human health and the environment.

Safety Kleen submitted to EPA a draft Well Installation and Summary Assessment Report for the Safety Kleen Wheeling, West Virginia facility dated October 23, 2012. The Report describes the installation and monitoring of the two new wells, MW-5 and MW-6.  Tetrachloroethylene (PCE) was detected in the samples collected from monitoring wells MW-5 and MW-6 at concentrations of 85 μg/L and 37 μg/L, respectively, which exceeds the West Virginia Groundwater Quality Standard (WVGWQS) of 5 μg/L and EPA’s Maximum Contaminant Level (MCL) for PCE of 5 μg/L.  Safety Kleen will investigate the PCE source.

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Site Description

Interactive Map of Safety-Kleen Systems, Incorporated, Wheeling, West Virginia

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The Safety-Kleen facility is located at 10 Industrial Park, Wheeling, West Virginia. The facility is approximately 3,000 feet north of the intersection of U.S. Highway 250 and U.S. Highway 40 and is located in a heavy industrial area in northern Wheeling. Safety Kleen is currently bordered to the Northeast by Liquid Assets Disposal Incorporated, to the East by W. A. Wilson Incorporated, and to the west and northwest is Wheeling Creek, light commercial and residential areas, and the Ohio River approximately 2,100 feet in the same direction.

Safety Kleen is currently owned by Safety-Kleen Systems, Incorporated, of Plano, Texas, and is an accumulation point for spent solvents generated by its customers and a distribution center for clean solvents to be delivered to its customers. The spent solvents are ultimately shipped to a Safety-Kleen recycling facility or a contract reclaimer, and then returned to the Safety-Kleen's customers as product.

This facility has operated at the site since 1984 and consists of several structures situated on 1.28 acres of land. These structures include a building with offices and a warehouse for container storage, a flammable waste storage building, and two tank farms surrounded by concrete diking.

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Contaminants at this Facility

Constituents of potential concern (COPCs) in groundwater are Total Petroleum Hydrocarbons as Diesel, Tetrachloroethene and Trichloroethene. Total Petroleum Hydrocarbons are above West Virginia's groundwater protection standards. Tetrachloroethene and Trichloroethene are present above their respective Federal Maximum Contaminant Levels (MCLs) at one or more locations in groundwater. The source of the Total Petroleum Hydrocarbons and chlorinated solvents is indeterminate. There does not appear to be any contaminated groundwater leaving the site at concentrations that pose unacceptable risk to people and the environment. Drinking water is provided via a public drinking water source in the area.

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Institutional and Engineering Controls at this Facility

Institutional /Engineering Control Summary
Restrictions or Controls that Address: Yes No
Groundwater Use
Residential Use
Vapor Intrusion
Capped Area(s)
Other Engineering Controls
Other Restrictions

    The Institutional Controls (ICs) for the facility are for groundwater monitoring, no new wells, and no groundwater use. Annual certification of these ICs are required.

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    Land Reuse Information at this Facility

    The facility is in continued use.

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    Site Responsibility at this Facility

    The Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) Corrective Action activities at this facility have been conducted under the direction of EPA Region 3 with assistance from the West Virginia DEP.

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