An official website of the United States government.

This is not the current EPA website. To navigate to the current EPA website, please go to This website is historical material reflecting the EPA website as it existed on January 19, 2021. This website is no longer updated and links to external websites and some internal pages may not work. More information »

News Releases

News Releases from Region 02

EPA Modifies Cleanup Plan at Grasse River Superfund Site in Massena, New York

Contact Information: 
Larisa Romanowski (
(518) 407-0400

Albany, N.Y. - The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has modified a plan to address sediment contaminated with polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) at the Grasse River Superfund Site (also called Alcoa Aggregation) in Massena, New York. The modification calls for removal of an additional 90,000 cubic yards of sediment from an area of the river near Snug Harbor, instead of capping.

"EPA continues to listen closely and respond to the needs of this community as a priority, and we are working hard with our state and tribal partners to advance the cleanup of this critically important river system," said EPA Regional Administrator Pete Lopez. "The modification to the plan will provide for the removal of more sediment and will ensure that the new tugboat can operate efficiently and effectively, all while remaining on track with the project."

Snug Harbor is a small embayment (an embayment is a part of a body of water that extends beyond the general shoreline) on the north shore of the Grasse River, located about a third of a mile upstream from where it joins the St. Lawrence River. The change is being made to accommodate a new, larger tugboat purchased by the St. Lawrence Seaway Development Corporation, a wholly-owned government corporation, which operates its tugboat out of Snug Harbor. The new tugboat will have greater engine power and will require deeper navigational draft than its current tugboat. As a result, Snug Harbor and the channel leading to the harbor from the St. Lawrence River will need to be dredged, with capping as necessary, to maintain the protectiveness of the cleanup remedy.

In 2013, EPA selected a cleanup plan for the lower Grasse River that called for capping of 284 acres of river bottom in the main channel, removal of approximately 109,000 cubic yards of PCB-contaminated sediment from near-shore areas, and backfilling of dredged areas with clean material. The dredging and backfilling of near-shore areas required under EPA's original plan was completed in 2019.

Howmet Aerospace Inc. (formerly Arconic Inc.) is responsible for performing the work at the site. The estimated cost associated with the original plan was $243 million; the additional dredging work is estimated to cost $22.5 million. EPA, the New York State Department of Environmental Conservation, and the Saint Regis Mohawk Tribe are working together on the oversight of the various components of the project.

It is anticipated that the dredging work around the Snug Harbor area will begin in 2020 along with the capping required under EPA's original plan and habitat reconstruction work to impacted areas. The dredging is currently planned to be completed in 2020. Capping and habitat reconstruction work will continue through next year. All in-river work is anticipated to be completed by 2022.

The EPA document that discusses the modification to EPA's original cleanup plan, called the "Explanation of Significant Differences," is part of the Administrative Record file for the site remedy and  is available for public review on EPA's site webpage

Follow EPA Region 2 on Twitter at and visit our Facebook page,


#    #    #