Cleanups in New Mexico
Brownfields are real property, the expansion, redevelopment, or reuse of which may be complicated by the presence or potential presence of a hazardous substance, pollutant or contaminant. Cleaning up and reinvesting in these properties protects the environment, reduces blight, and takes development pressures off greenspaces and working lands.
Brownfields Success Stories highlight the accomplishments of EPA brownfields grantees.
Grantee accomplishments across New Mexico:
- Hotel Andaluz (former Albuquerque Hilton Hotel), Albuquerque
- Sandoval County Judicial Complex, Sandoval County
- Santa Fe Railyard, Santa Fe
- Old Albuquerque High School, Albuquerque
A Target Brownfields Assessment (TBA) is a free service the EPA Region 6 Brownfields Team provides to communities to support their eligible brownfields projects. These services include brownfield inventories, area-wide planning, site environmental assessments and investigations, and site cleanup planning.
To learn more about brownfields in New Mexico, visit the Region 6 Brownfields web page.
In 1988, Congress established a process to realign and close surplus military property and return the property for local economic development. The process required the President to establish the Defense Base Closure and Realignment Commission. The Secretary of Defense proposed a list of bases for closure and realignment. The Commission held public hearings and reported its findings to the President. The President had 15 days to approve or disapprove. After approval, the recommendations were sent to Congress, which had 45 days to disapprove or the recommendations became law. There have been five base closure rounds: 1988, 1991, 1993, 1995 and 2005. The latest round of closures includes one major facility in New Mexico: Fort Wingate Depot Activity.
Fort Wingate Depot Activity (FWDA) is located about eight miles east of Gallup, NM, on the south side of Interstate 40. FWDA closed in January of 1993 after nearly a century and a half of military uses, first as a cavalry post, then as a munitions depot. Approximately one third of the facility's original 21,131 acres are under current reuse by the Missile Defense Agency. Another 5,855 acres have been returned to the Bureau of Land Management, which holds those lands for the future beneficial use of the Navajo and Zuni nations. The remaining lands also are planned to go to tribal use following their cleanup.
Environmental investigation and cleanup efforts, including munitions clearance, have been done since 1994. Major environmental concerns at this site include munitions hazards and groundwater contamination by explosives, nitrates and perchlorate. On December 31, 2005, the New Mexico Environment Department's RCRA permit came into effect, establishing a scheduled cleanup of the facility. Remedial investigations are currently very active. A large cleanup effort at the Open Burn/Open Detonation Area was started in 2013 and continues through 2015.
Chuck Hendrickson (firstname.lastname@example.org)
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
1445 Ross Avenue, Suite 1200
Dallas, Texas 75202-2733
Shannon Duran (email@example.com)
(Hazardous Waste Permits/Closure)
Hazardous Waste Bureau
New Mexico Environment Department
2905 Rodeo Park Drive East, Building 1
Santa Fe , NM 87505-6303
Mark Patterson (firstname.lastname@example.org)
BRAC Environmental Coordinator
Ravenna Army Ammunition Plant, Bldg. 1037
8451 State Route 5
Ravenna, Ohio 44266
Land Revitalization (LR) efforts revive previously contaminated properties for productive uses such as public parks, restoring wetlands and establishing new businesses. Revitalizing previously contaminated properties helps reinvigorate communities, preserve greenspace and prevent sprawl.
To learn more about Land Revitalization in New Mexico, visit the Region 6 Land Revitalization web page.
The Hazardous Waste (RCRA) Corrective Action Program requires investigation and cleanup of releases of hazardous wastes and hazardous constituents that pose an unacceptable risk at RCRA hazardous waste treatment, storage and disposal facilities. Facility evaluations, conducted by EPA or the state, are based on human health and environmental risks posed by actual or potential releases to the environment, potential migration pathways, target receptors and waste characteristics. EPA and the states designate facilities as either high, medium, or low priority.
The EPA South Central Region (Region 6) developed a Corrective Action Strategy (CAS) guideline to accelerate corrective action at RCRA facilities.
Ready for Reuse encourages cleanups that will quickly support protective redevelopment opportunities. As part of this program, EPA and/or the states provide a regulatory "determination" that affirms that the conditions on the site are protective of human health and the environment based on the current and planned future use(s) of the property.
View a complete list of Site-Specific Determinations in New Mexico.
Superfund Redevelopment in New Mexico helps local communities return contaminated Superfund sites to safe and productive uses. EPA is working with these communities and other stakeholders - prospective purchasers, local governments - to consider reuse opportunities and to integrate appropriate reuse options into the cleanup process. Learn more about Superfund Redevelopment Initiative.
Sites in Reuse in New Mexico
- Cal West Metals (USSBA), Lemitar
- Chevron Questa Mine, Questa
- Fruit Avenue Plume, Albuquerque
- McGaffey and Main Groundwater Plume, Roswell
- South Valley, Albuquerque
Superfund is the federal government's program to clean up the nation's uncontrolled hazardous waste sites. EPA is committed to ensuring that these hazardous waste sites are cleaned up to protect the environment and the health of all Americans.
Superfund Sites in New Mexico
|Cal West Metals (USSBA)||Socorro|
|Chevron Questa Mine (Formerly Molycorp)||Questa||Taos|
|Cimarron Mining Corp.||Carrizozo||Lincoln|
|Cleveland Mill||Silver City||Grant|
|Eagle Picher Carefree Batteries||Socorro||Socorro|
|Fruit Avenue Plume||Albuquerque||Bernalillo|
|Grants Mining District||Bernalillo
|Grants Chlorinated Solvents Plume||Grants||Cibola|
|Griggs and Walnut Ground Water Plume||Las Cruces||Dona Ana|
|Homestake Mining Co.||Cibola|
|Jackpile-Paguate Uranium Mine||Cibola|
|Lea and W. Second Street Groundwater||Roswell||Chaves|
|Lee Acres Landfill||San Juan|
|McGaffey & Main Ground Water Plume||Roswell||Chaves|
|North Railroad Avenue Plume||Espanola||Rio Arriba|
|Prewitt Abandoned Refinery||Prewitt||McKinley|
|United Nuclear Corporation||McKinley|