An official website of the United States government.

This is not the current EPA website. To navigate to the current EPA website, please go to This website is historical material reflecting the EPA website as it existed on January 19, 2021. This website is no longer updated and links to external websites and some internal pages may not work. More information »

Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) Training Module: Definition of Solid Waste and Hazardous Waste Recycling

This training module:

  • Explains the statutory and regulatory definitions of solid waste, including the standards governing the recycling and management of specific types of wastes
  • Explains the definition of hazardous waste
  • Familiarizes you with the regulations governing the recycling of hazardous wastes

After completing this module, you will be able to:

  • Explain and cite the regulatory and statutory definitions of solid waste
  • Cite and use the table in §261.2 and the preamble to the January 4, 1985, Federal Register (50 FR 614)
  • List and cite three use/reuse scenarios where the materials are not solid wastes and state the requirement for documentation
  • List the conditions under which hazardous waste-derived products may be excluded from regulation
  • Discuss the special recycling standards for use constituting disposal, precious metal recovery, and spent lead-acid batteries
  • Discuss potential regulatory developments affecting the definition of solid waste and hazardous waste recycling

Access other training modules that provide overviews of other specific RCRA regulatory topics here.

You may need a PDF reader to view some of the files on this page. See EPA’s About PDF page to learn more.