This paper is a status update on the use of DNAPL source reduction remedial technologies, and provides information about recent projects where regulatory closure has been reached or projects that are approaching regulatory closure, following source reduction. Information is presented about the challenges associated with DNAPL remediation, the types of in situ technologies used, and data and findings concerning the relative effectiveness of field applications of these technologies. Appendix A contains project profiles for eight field applications that illustrate some of the findings presented in this paper.You may need a PDF reader to view some of the files on this page. See EPA’s About PDF page to learn more.
- DNAPL Remediation: Selected Projects Approaching Regulatory Closure (PDF)(34 pp, 419 K, 2004, 542-R-04-016)