Texas SIP: 30 TAC 115.010. Definitions; SIP effective 1999.05.14 TXc117
Chapter 115 - Control of Air Pollution From Volatile Organic Compounds
SUBCHAPTER A : DEFINITIONS
As approved by EPA March 15, 1999 (64 FR 12759), at 52.2270(c)(117) effective May 14, 1999.
NOTE: Left justified number before each paragraph is 40 CFR 52.2270(c) section where paragraph was last (as of March 15, 1999) approved by EPA. See Texas SIP Map record for Federal Register approval dates and SIP effective dates.
117 Unless specifically defined in the Texas Clean Air Act (TCAA) or in the rules of the Texas Natural Resource Conservation Commission (commission), the terms used by the commission have the meanings commonly ascribed to them in the field of air pollution control. In addition to the terms which are defined by the TCAA, the following terms, when used in this chapter, shall have the following meanings, unless the context clearly indicates otherwise. Additional definitions for terms used in this chapter are found in §101.1 of this title (relating to Definitions) and §3.2 of this title (relating to Definitions).
104E Alcohol (used in offset lithographic printing) - For the purposes of complying with §§115.442, 115.443, 115.445, 115.446, and 115.449 of this title (relating to Offset Lithographic Printing), an alcohol is any of the hydroxyl-containing organic compounds with a molecular weight equal to or less than 74.12, (which includes methanol, ethanol, propanol, and butanol).
104B Alcohol substitutes (used in offset lithographic printing) - Nonalcohol additives that contain volatile organic compounds (VOC) and are used in the fountain solution. Some additives are used to reduce the surface tension of water; others (especially in the newspaper industry) are added to prevent piling (ink build-up).
77A Architectural coating - Any protective or decorative coating applied to the interior or exterior of a building or structure, including latex paint, alkyd paints, stains, lacquers, varnishes, and urethanes.
77A Automobile refinishing - The recoating of individual automobiles and light-duty trucks by a commercial operation other than the manufacturer to repair, restore, or alter the exterior finish, including primer, primer surfacer, alkyd enamel, base coat, clear coat, and lacquer application.
105K Automotive basecoat/clearcoat system (used in vehicle refinishing (body shops)) - A topcoat system composed of a pigmented basecoat portion and a transparent clearcoat portion. The volatile organic compound (VOC) content of a basecoat (bc)/clearcoat (cc) system shall be calculated according to the following formula:
VOC_bc + (2 x VOC_cc)
VOC T_bc/cc = -----------------------
VOC T_bc/cc is the VOC content, in pounds of VOC per gallon (less water and exempt solvent) as applied, in the basecoat/clearcoat system;
VOC_bc is the VOC content, in pounds of VOC per gallon (less water and exempt solvent) as applied, of any given basecoat; and
VOC_cc is the VOC content, in pounds of VOC per gallon (less water and exempt solvent) as applied, of any given clearcoat.
105K Automotive precoat (used in vehicle refinishing (body shops)) - Any coating that is applied to bare metal to deactivate the metal surface for corrosion resistance to a subsequent water-based primer. This coating is applied to bare metal solely for the prevention of flash rusting.
105K Automotive pretreatment (used in vehicle refinishing (body shops)) - Any coating which contains a minimum of 0.5% acid by weight that is applied directly to bare metal surfaces to etch the metal surface for corrosion resistance and adhesion.
105K Automotive primer or primer surfacers (used in vehicle refinishing (body shops)) - Any base coat, sealer, or intermediate coat which is applied prior to colorant or aesthetic coats.
105K Automotive sealers (used in vehicle refinishing (body shops)) - Coatings that are formulated with resins which, when dried, are not readily soluble in typical solvents. These coatings act as a shield for surfaces over which they are sprayed by resisting the penetration of solvents which are in the final topcoat.
105K Automotive specialty coatings (used in vehicle refinishing (body shops)) - Coatings or additives which are necessary due to unusual job performance requirements. These coatings or additives prevent the occurrence of surface defects and impart or improve desirable coating properties. These products include, but are not limited to, uniform finish blenders, elastomeric materials for coating of flexible plastic parts, coatings for non-metallic parts, jambing clear coatings, gloss flatteners, and anti-glare/safety coatings.
105K Automotive three-stage system (used in vehicle refinishing (body shops)) - A topcoat system composed of a pigmented basecoat portion, a semitransparent midcoat portion, and a transparent clearcoat portion. The volatile organic compound (VOC) content of a three-stage system shall be calculated according to the following formula:
VOC_bc + VOC_mc + (2 x VOC_cc)
VOC T_3-stage = --------------------------------
VOC T_3-stage is the VOC content, in pounds of VOC per gallon (less water and exempt solvent) as applied, in the three-stage system;
VOC_bc is the VOC content, in pounds of VOC per gallon (less water and exempt solvent) as applied, of any given basecoat;
VOC_mc is the VOC content, in pounds of VOC per gallon (less water and exempt solvent) as applied, of any given midcoat; and
VOC_cc is the VOC content, in pounds of VOC per gallon (less water and exempt solvent) as applied, of any given clearcoat.
105K Automotive wipe-down solutions (used in vehicle refinishing (body shops)) - Any solution used for cleaning and surface preparation.
104E Bakery oven - An oven for baking bread or any other yeast-leavened products.
104B Batch (used in offset lithographic printing) - A supply of fountain solution that is prepared and used without alteration until completely used or removed from the printing process.
88C Beaumont/Port Arthur area - Hardin, Jefferson, and Orange Counties.
77D Capture efficiency - The amount of volatile organic compounds (VOC) collected by a capture system which is expressed as a percentage derived from the weight per unit time of VOC entering a capture system and delivered to a control device divided by the weight per unit time of total VOC generated by a source of VOC.
77D Capture system - All equipment (including, but not limited to, hoods, ducts, fans, booths, ovens, dryers, etc.) that contains, collects, and transports an air pollutant to a control device.
77D Carbon adsorber - An add-on control device which uses activated carbon to adsorb volatile organic compounds from a gas stream.
77D Carbon adsorption system - A carbon adsorber with an inlet and outlet for exhaust gases and a system to regenerate the saturated adsorbent.
104B Cleaning solution (used in offset lithographic printing) - Liquids used to remove ink and debris from the operating surfaces of the printing press and its parts.
104E Clear coat (used in wood parts and products coating) - A coating which lacks opacity or which is transparent and uses the undercoat as a reflectant base or undertone color.
104E Clear sealers (used in wood parts and products coating) - Liquids applied over stains, toners, and other coatings to protect these coatings from marring during handling and to limit absorption of succeeding coatings.
77C Coating - A material applied onto or impregnated into a substrate for protective, decorative, or functional purposes. Such materials include, but are not limited to paints, varnishes, sealants, adhesives, thinners, diluents, inks, maskants, and temporary protective coatings.
77A Coating application system - Devices or equipment designed for the purpose of applying a coating material to a surface. The devices may include, but not be limited to, brushes, sprayers, flow coaters, dip tanks, rollers, knife coaters, and extrusion coaters.
77C Coating line - An operation consisting of a series of one or more coating application systems and including associated flashoff area(s), drying area(s), and oven(s) wherein a surface coating is applied, dried, or cured.
105K Cold solvent cleaning - A batch process that uses liquid solvent to remove soils from the surfaces of metal parts or to dry the parts by spraying, brushing, flushing, and/or immersion while maintaining the solvent below its boiling point. Wipe cleaning (hand cleaning) is not included in this definition.
77A Component - A piece of equipment, including, but not limited to pumps, valves, compressors, and pressure relief valves, which has the potential to leak volatile organic compounds.
77A Condensate - Liquids that result from the cooling and/or pressure changes of produced natural gas. Once these liquids are processed at gas plants or refineries or in any other manner, they are no longer considered condensates.
77A Consumer-solvent products - Products sold or offered for sale by wholesale or retail outlets for individual, commercial, or industrial use which may contain VOC, including household products, toiletries, aerosol products, rubbing compounds, windshield washer fluid, polishes and waxes, nonindustrial adhesives, space deodorants, moth control products, or laundry treatments.
104E Continuous monitoring - Any monitoring device used to comply with a continuous monitoring requirement of this chapter will be considered continuous if it can be demonstrated that at least 95% of the required data is captured.
77D Control device - Equipment (such as an incinerator or carbon adsorber) used to reduce, by destruction or removal, the amount of air pollutant(s) in an air stream prior to discharge to the ambient air.
77D Control system - A combination of one or more capture system(s) and control device(s) working in concert to reduce discharges of air pollutants to the ambient air.
105K Conveyorized degreasing - A solvent cleaning process that uses an automated parts handling system, typically a conveyor, to automatically provide a continuous supply of metal parts to be cleaned or dried using either cold solvent or vaporized solvent. A conveyorized degreasing process is fully enclosed except for the conveyor inlet and exit portals.
77A Custody transfer - The transfer of produced crude oil and/or condensate, after processing and/or treating in the producing operations, from storage tanks or automatic transfer facilities to pipelines or any other forms of transportation.
77A Cutback asphalt - Any asphaltic cement which has been liquified by blending with petroleum solvents (diluents).
88C Dallas/Fort Worth area - Collin, Dallas, Denton, and Tarrant Counties.
88C Delivery vessel/tank-truck tank - Any tank-truck or trailer that is equipped with a storage tank having a capacity greater than 1,000 gallons.
77A Drum (metal) - Any cylindrical metal shipping container with a nominal capacity equal to or greater than 12 gallons (45.4 liters) but equal to or less than 110 gallons (416 liters).
88C El Paso area - El Paso County.
77A Exempt solvent - Those carbon compounds or mixtures of carbon compounds used as solvents which have been excluded from the definition of volatile organic compounds.
105K External floating roof - A cover or roof in an open-top tank which rests upon or is floated upon the liquid being contained and is equipped with a single or double seal to close the space between the roof edge and tank shell. A double seal consists of two complete and separate closure seals, one above the other, containing an enclosed space between them. An external floating roof storage tank which is equipped with a self-supporting fixed roof (typically a bolted aluminum geodesic dome) shall be considered to be an internal floating roof storage tank.
88F Extreme performance coating - A coating intended for exposure to extreme environmental conditions, such as continuous outdoor exposure; temperatures frequently above 95 degrees C (203 degrees F); detergents; abrasive and scouring agents; solvents; and corrosive solutions, chemicals, or atmospheres.
104E Final repair coat (used in wood parts and products coating) - Liquids applied to correct imperfections or damage to the topcoat.
77A Flexographic printing process - A method of printing in which the image areas are raised above the non-image areas, and the image carrier is made of an elastomeric material.
104B Fountain solution (used in offset lithographic printing) - A mixture of water, nonvolatile printing chemicals, and an additive (liquid) that reduces the surface tension of the water so that it spreads easily across the printing plate surface. The fountain solution wets the nonimage areas so that the ink is maintained within the image areas. Isopropyl alcohol, a volatile organic compound, is the most common additive used to reduce the surface tension of the fountain solution.
105P Fugitive emission - Any volatile organic compound entering the atmosphere which could not reasonably pass through a stack, chimney, vent, or other functionally equivalent opening designed to direct or control its flow.
77A Gasoline - Any petroleum distillate having a Reid vapor pressure (RVP) of four pounds per square inch (27.6 kPa) or greater which is produced for use as a motor fuel and is commonly called gasoline.
105K Gasoline bulk plant - A gasoline loading and/or unloading facility, excluding marine terminals, having a gasoline throughput less than 20,000 gallons (75,708 liters) per day, averaged over any consecutive 30-day period. A motor vehicle fuel dispensing facility is not a gasoline bulk plant.
105K Gasoline terminal - A gasoline loading and/or unloading facility, excluding marine terminals, having a gasoline throughput equal to or greater than 20,000 gallons (75,708 liters) per day, averaged over any consecutive 30-day period.
104B Hand-held lawn and garden and utility equipment - Equipment that requires its full weight to be supported by the operator to perform its function and requires multi-positional operation.
104B Heatset (used in offset lithographic printing) - Any operation where heat is required to evaporate ink oil from the printing ink. Hot air dryers are used to deliver the heat.
105K High-bake coatings - Coatings designed to cure at temperatures above 194 degrees Fahrenheit.
104B High-volume low-pressure (HVLP) spray guns - Equipment used to apply coatings by means of a spray gun which operates between 0.1 and 10.0 pounds per square inch gauge air pressure.
88C Houston/Galveston area - Brazoria, Chambers, Fort Bend, Galveston, Harris, Liberty, Montgomery, and Waller Counties.
104B Industrial solid waste - Solid waste resulting from, or incidental to, any process of industry or manufacturing, or mining or agricultural operations, classified as follows:
(A) Class I industrial solid waste or Class I waste is any industrial solid waste designated as Class I by the Executive Director as any industrial solid waste or mixture of industrial solid wastes that because of its concentration or physical or chemical characteristics is toxic, corrosive, flammable, a strong sensitizer or irritant, a generator of sudden pressure by decomposition, heat, or other means, and may pose a substantial present or potential danger to human health or the environment when improperly processed, stored, transported, or otherwise managed, including hazardous industrial waste, as defined in §335.1 of this title (relating to Definitions) and §335.505 of this title (relating to Class I Waste Determination).
(B) Class II industrial solid waste is any individual solid waste or combination of industrial solid wastes that cannot be described as Class I or Class III, as defined in §335.506 of this title (relating to Class II Waste Determination).
(C) Class III industrial solid waste is any inert and essentially insoluble industrial solid waste, including materials such as rock, brick, glass, dirt, and certain plastics and rubber, etc., that are not readily decomposable as defined in §335.507 of this title (relating to Class III Waste Determination).
105K Internal floating cover - A cover or floating roof in a fixed roof tank which rests upon or is floated upon the liquid being contained, and is equipped with a closure seal or seals to close the space between the cover edge and tank shell. An external floating roof storage tank which is equipped with a self-supporting fixed roof (typically a bolted aluminum geodesic dome) shall be considered to be an internal floating roof storage tank.
105P Leak - A volatile organic compound concentration greater than 10,000 parts per million by volume (ppmv) or the amount specified by applicable rule, whichever is lower; or the dripping or exuding of process fluid based on sight, smell, or sound.
104E Leak-free marine vessel - A marine vessel whose cargo tank closures (hatch covers, expansion domes, ullage openings, butterworth covers and gauging covers) were inspected prior to cargo transfer operations and all such closures were properly secured such that no leaks of liquid or vapors can be detected by sight, sound, or smell. Cargo tank closures shall meet the applicable rules or regulations of the marine vessel's classification society or flag state. Cargo tank pressure/vacuum valves shall be operating within the range specified by the marine vessel's classification society or flag state and seated when tank pressure is less than 80% of set point pressure such that no vapor leaks can be detected by sight, sound, or smell. As an alternative, a marine vessel operated at negative pressure is assumed to be leak-free for the purpose of this standard.
NOTE TO READER: The definition of “Leakless valve” has not been codified in the TNRCC Regulation V since April 1994. It is unclear if it has been removed from the Regulation V by TNRCC. This definition was adopted in the Texas Register on November 19, 1993.
104B Leakless valve - Any valve which meets the conditions of either paragraph (A) or (B) of this definition.
(A) a valve which can be demonstrated by performance (including gas testing or hydraulic testing at no less than normal operating pressure and adjustments made as necessary to obtain leak free performance) or design to prevent or contain a leak of VOC, as defined in §115.352 of this title (relating to Fugitive Control Requirements), from the valve stem packing (including but not limited to bellows and diaphragm valves);
(B) a valve which can be demonstrated by performance or design to prevent a leak of VOC, as defined in §115.352 of this title, at the outlet of the valve (including but not limited to valves that stop the process flow through the use of non-rotating plug stems).
104B Lithography (used in offset lithographic printing) - A printing process where the image and nonimage areas are chemically differentiated; the image area is oil receptive, and the nonimage area is water receptive. This method differs from other printing methods, where the image is a raised or recessed surface.
77A Liquid-mounted seal - A primary seal mounted in continuous contact with the liquid between the tank wall and the floating roof around the circumference of the tank.
105K Low-bake coatings - Coatings designed to cure at temperatures of 194 degrees Fahrenheit or less.
104E Marine loading facility - The loading arm(s), pumps, meters, shutoff valves, relief valves, and other piping and valves that are part of a single system used to fill a marine vessel at a single geographic site. Loading equipment that is physically separate (i.e., does not share common piping, valves, and other loading equipment) is considered to be a separate marine loading facility.
NOTE TO READER: The definition of “Marine loading operation” below was not listed in the 104E IBR language in the Federal Register but was included in the IBR material and was not struck out. Therefor the definition is assumed to be approved.
104E? Marine loading operation - The transfer of oil, gasoline, or other volatile organic liquids at any affected marine terminal, beginning with the connections made to a marine vessel and ending with the disconnection from the marine vessel.
104E Marine terminal - Any marine facility or structure constructed to load oil, gasoline, or other volatile organic liquid bulk cargo into a marine vessel. A marine terminal consists of one or more marine loading facilities.
104B Marine vessel - Any watercraft used, or capable of being used, as a means of transportation on water, and that is constructed or adapted to carry, or that carries, oil, gasoline, or other volatile organic liquid in bulk as a cargo or cargo residue.
105K Mechanical shoe seal - A metal sheet which is held vertically against the storage tank wall by springs or weighted levers and is connected by braces to the floating roof. A flexible coated fabric (envelope) spans the annular space between the metal sheet and the floating roof.
77A Motor vehicle fuel dispensing facility - Any site where gasoline is dispensed to motor vehicle fuel tanks from stationary storage tanks.
104B Municipal solid waste facility - All contiguous land, structures, other appurtenances, and improvements on the land used for processing, storing, or disposing of solid waste. A facility may be publicly or privately owned and may consist of several processing, storage, or disposal operational units, e.g., one or more landfills, surface impoundments, or combinations of them.
104B Municipal solid waste landfill - A discrete area of land or an excavation that receives household waste and that is not a land application unit, surface impoundment, injection well, or waste pile, as those terms are defined under 257.2 of 40 CFR, Part 257. A municipal solid waste landfill (MSWLF) unit also may receive other types of RCRA Subtitle D wastes, such as commercial solid waste, nonhazardous sludge, conditionally exempt small-quantity generator waste, and industrial solid waste. Such a landfill may be publicly or privately owned. A MSWLF unit may be a new MSWLF unit, an existing MSWLF unit, or a lateral expansion.
104B Municipal solid waste landfill emissions - Any gas derived from a natural process through the decomposition of organic waste deposited in a municipal solid waste disposal site or from the volatile organic compounds in the waste.
77A Natural gas/gasoline processing - A process that extracts condensate from gases obtained from natural gas production and/or fractionates natural gas liquids into component products, such as ethane, propane, butane, and natural gasoline. The following facilities shall be included in this definition if, and only if, located on the same property as a natural gas/gasoline processing operation defined above: compressor stations, dehydration units, sweetening units, field treatment, underground storage, liquified natural gas units, and field gas gathering systems.
77A Non-flat architectural coating - Any coating which registers a gloss of 15 or greater on an 85 degree gloss meter or 5 or greater on a 60 degree gloss meter, and which is identified on the label as gloss, semigloss, or eggshell enamel coating.
104B Non-heatset (used in offset lithographic printing) - Any operation where the printing inks are set without the use of heat. For the purposes of this rule, ultraviolet-cured and electron beam-cured inks are considered non-heatset.
104B Offset lithography - A printing process that transfers the ink film from the lithographic plate to an intermediary surface (blanket) which, in turn, transfers the ink film to the substrate.
104E Opaque ground coats and enamels (used in wood parts and products coating) - Colored, opaque liquids applied to wood or wood composition substrates which completely hide the color of the substrate in a single coat.
105K Open-top vapor degreasing - A batch solvent cleaning process that is open to the air and which uses boiling solvent to create solvent vapor used to clean or dry metal parts through condensation of the hot solvent vapors on the colder metal parts.
104B Owner or operator of a motor vehicle fuel dispensing facility (as used in §§115.241-115.249 of this title, relating to Control of Vehicle Refueling Emissions (Stage II) at Motor Vehicle Fuel Dispensing Facilities) - Any person who owns, leases, operates, or controls the motor vehicle fuel dispensing facility.
77A Packaging rotogravure printing - Any rotogravure printing upon paper, paper board, metal foil, plastic film, or any other substrate which is, in subsequent operations, formed into packaging products or labels.
77A Pail (metal) - Any cylindrical metal shipping container with a nominal capacity equal to or greater than 1 gallon (3.8 liters) but less than 12 gallons (45.4 liters) and constructed of 29 gauge or heavier material.
77A Petroleum refinery - Any facility engaged in producing gasoline, kerosene, distillate fuel oils, residual fuel oils, lubricants, or other products through distillation of crude oil, or through the redistillation, cracking, extraction, reforming, or other processing of unfinished petroleum derivatives.
77A Polymer and resin manufacturing process - A process that produces any of the following polymers or resins: polyethylene, polypropylene, polystyrene, and styrenebutadiene latex.
77A Pounds of volatile organic compounds (VOC) per gallon of coating (minus water and exempt solvents) - Basis for emission limits for surface coating processes. Can be calculated by the following equation:
Pounds of VOC per gallon of coating (minus water and
exempt solvents) = W_v / (V_m - V_w - V_es)
W_v = weight of VOC, in pounds, contained in Vm gallons of coating
V_m = volume of coating, generally assumed to be one gallon
V_w = volume of water, in gallons, contained in Vm gallons of coating
V_es = volume of exempt solvents, in gallons, contained in V_m gallons of coating
77C Pounds of volatile organic compounds (VOC) per gallon of solids - Basis for emission limits for surface coating process. Can be calculated by the following equation:
Pounds of VOC per gallon of solids
= W_v / (V_m - V_v - V_w - V_es)
W_v = weight of VOC, in pounds, contained in V_m gallons of coating
V_m = volume of coating, generally assumed to be one gallon
V_v = volume of VOC, in gallons, contained in V_m gallons of coating
V_w = volume of water, in gallons, contained in V_m gallons of coating
V_es = volume of exempt solvents, in gallons, contained in Vm gallons of coating
77C Printing line - An operation consisting of a series of one or more printing processes and including associated drying areas. rea is loaded with ink and pressed directly to the substrate for image transfer.
105K Remote reservoir cold solvent cleaning - Any cold solvent cleaning operation in which liquid solvent is pumped to a sink-like work area that drains solvent back into an enclosed container while parts are being cleaned, allowing no solvent to pool in the work area.
104E Semitransparent spray stains and toners (used in wood parts and products coating) - Colored liquids applied to wood to change or enhance the surface without concealing the surface, including but not limited to, toners and nongrain-raising stains.
104E Semitransparent wiping and glazing stains (used in wood parts and products coating) - Colored liquids applied to wood that require multiple wiping steps to enhance the grain character and to partially fill the porous surface of the wood.
104E Shellacs (used in wood parts and products coating) - Coatings formulated solely with the resinous secretions of the lac beetle (laccifer lacca), thinned with alcohol, and formulated to dry by evaporation without a chemical reaction.
104B Sludge - Any solid or semisolid, or liquid waste generated from a municipal, commercial, or industrial wastewater treatment plant; water supply treatment plant, exclusive of the treated effluent from a wastewater treatment plant; or air pollution control equipment.
104B Solid waste - Garbage, rubbish, refuse, sludge from a waste water treatment plant, water supply treatment plant, or air pollution control equipment, and other discarded material, including solid, liquid, semisolid, or containerized gaseous material resulting from industrial, municipal, commercial, mining, and agricultural operations and from community and institutional activities. The term does not include:
(A) solid or dissolved material in domestic sewage, or solid or dissolved material in irrigation return flows, or industrial discharges subject to regulation by permit issued under the Water Code, Chapter 26;
(B) soil, dirt, rock, sand, and other natural or man-made inert solid materials used to fill land, if the object of the fill is to make the land suitable for the construction of surface improvements; or
(C) waste materials that result from activities associated with the exploration, development, or production of oil or gas or geothermal resources, and other substance or material regulated by the Railroad Commission of Texas under the Natural Resources Code, 91.101, unless the waste, substance, or material results from activities associated with gasoline plants, natural gas liquids processing plants, pressure maintenance plants, or repressurizing plants and is hazardous waste as defined by the Administrator of the United States Environmental Protection Agency under the federal Solid Waste Disposal Act, as amended by Resource Conservation and Recovery Act, as amended (42 USC, 6901 et seq).
77A Source - A point of origin of air contaminants, whether privately or publicly owned or operated. Upon request of a source owner, the Executive Director shall determine whether multiple processes emitting air contaminants from a single point of emission will be treated as a single source or as multiple sources.
77A Specified solvent-using processes -
77A (A) Cold solvent cleaning - The batch process of cleaning and removing soils from metal surfaces by spraying, brushing, flushing, and/or immersion while maintaining the solvent below its boiling point. Wipe cleaning (hand cleaning) is not included in this definition.
77A (B) Open-top vapor degreasing - The batch process of cleaning and removing soils from metal surfaces by condensing hot solvent vapors on the colder metal parts.
77A (C) Conveyorized degreasing - The continuous process of cleaning and removing soils from metal surfaces by operating with either cold or vaporized solvent.
77A Submerged fill pipe - A fill pipe that extends from the top of a tank to have a maximum clearance of six inches (15.2 cm) from the bottom or, when applied to a tank which is loaded from the side, that has a discharge opening entirely submerged when the pipe used to withdraw liquid from the tank can no longer withdraw liquid in normal operation.
77A Surface coating processes - Operations which utilize a coating application system.
77A (A) Large appliance coating - The coating of doors, cases, lids, panels, and interior support parts of residential and commercial washers, dryers, ranges, refrigerators, freezers, water heaters, dishwashers, trash compactors, air conditioners, and other large appliances.
77A (B) Metal furniture coating - The coating of metal furniture (tables, chairs, wastebaskets, beds, desks, lockers, benches, shelves, file cabinets, lamps, and other metal furniture products) or the coating of any metal part which will be a part of a nonmetal furniture product.
77A (C) Coil coating - The coating of any flat metal sheet or strip supplied in rolls or coils.
77A (D) Paper coating - The coating of paper and pressure-sensitive tapes (regardless of substrate and including paper, fabric, and plastic film) and related web coating processes on plastic film (including typewriter ribbons, photographic film, and magnetic tape) and metal foil (including decorative, gift wrap, and packaging).
77A (E) Fabric coating - The application of coatings to fabric, which includes rubber application (rainwear, tents, and industrial products such as gaskets and diaphragms).
77A (F) Vinyl coating - The use of printing or any decorative or protective topcoat applied over vinyl sheets or vinyl-coated fabric.
77A (G) Can coating - The coating of cans for beverages (including beer), edible products (including meats, fruit, vegetables, and others), tennis balls, motor oil, paints, and other mass-produced cans.
77A (H) Automobile coating - The assembly-line coating of passenger cars, or passenger car derivatives, capable of seating 12 or fewer passengers.
77A (I) Light-duty truck coating - The assembly-line coating of motor vehicles rated at 8,500 pounds (3,855.5 kg) gross vehicle weight or less and designed primarily for the transportation of property, or derivatives such as pickups, vans, and window vans.
77A (J) Miscellaneous metal parts and products coating - The coating of miscellaneous metal parts and products in the following categories:
77A (i) large farm machinery (harvesting, fertilizing, and planting machines, tractors, combines, etc.);
77A (ii) small farm machinery (lawn and garden tractors, lawn mowers, rototillers, etc.);
77A (iii) small appliances (fans, mixers, blenders, crock pots, dehumidifiers, vacuum cleaners, etc.);
77A (iv) commercial machinery (computers and auxiliary equipment, typewriters, calculators, vending machines, etc.);
77A (v) industrial machinery (pumps, compressors, conveyor components, fans, blowers, transformers, etc.);
77A (vi) fabricated metal products (metal-covered doors, frames, etc.); and
77A (vii) any other category of coated metal products, except the specified list in subparagraphs (A)-(I) of surface coating processes including, but not limited to, those which are included in the Standard Industrial Classification Code
major group 33 (primary metal industries),
major group 34 (fabricated metal products),
major group 35 (nonelectrical machinery),
major group 36 (electrical machinery),
major group 37 (transportation equipment),
major group 38(miscellaneous instruments), and
major group 39 (miscellaneous manufacturing industries).
77A (K) Factory surface coating of flat wood paneling - Coating of flat wood paneling products, including hardboard, hardwood plywood, particle board, printed interior paneling, and tile board.
88F (L) Mirror backing coating - The application of coatings to the silvered surface of a mirror.
104E (M) Wood parts and products coating - The coating of wood parts and products, excluding factory surface coating of flat wood paneling.
77A Synthetic organic chemical manufacturing process - A process that produces, as intermediates or final products, one or more of the chemicals listed in Table I of this section.
NOTE TO READER: Table I is in the next record.
105P Synthetic Organic Chemical Manufacturing Industry (SOCMI) batch distillation operation - A SOCMI noncontinuous distillation operation in which a discrete quantity or batch of liquid feed is charged into a distillation unit and distilled at one time. After the initial charging of the liquid feed, no additional liquid is added during the distillation operation.
105P Synthetic Organic Chemical Manufacturing Industry (SOCMI) batch process - Any SOCMI noncontinuous reactor process which is not characterized by steady-state conditions, and in which reactants are not added and products are not removed simultaneously.
105P Synthetic Organic Chemical Manufacturing Industry (SOCMI) distillation operation - A SOCMI operation separating one or more feed stream(s) into two or more exit streams, each exit stream having component concentrations different from those in the feed stream(s). The separation is achieved by the redistribution of the components between the liquid and vapor-phase as they approach equilibrium within the distillation unit.
105P Synthetic Organic Chemical Manufacturing Industry (SOCMI) distillation unit - A SOCMI device or vessel in which distillation operations occur, including all associated internals (including, but not limited to, trays and packing), accessories (including, but not limited to, reboilers, condensers, vacuum pumps, and steam jets), and recovery devices (such as absorbers, carbon adsorbers, and condensers) which are capable of, and used for, recovering chemicals for use, reuse, or sale.
105P Synthetic Organic Chemical Manufacturing Industry (SOCMI) reactor process - A SOCMI unit operation in which one or more chemicals, or reactants other than air, are combined or decomposed in such a way, that their molecular structures are altered and one or more new organic compounds are formed.
77A System or device - Any article, chemical, machine, equipment, or other contrivance, the use of which may eliminate, reduce, or control the emission of air contaminants to the atmosphere.
105P Tank-truck tank - Any storage tank having a capacity greater than 1,000 gallons, mounted on a tank-truck or trailer. Vacuum trucks used exclusively for maintenance and spill response are not considered to be tank-truck tanks.
104E Topcoat (used in wood parts and products coating) - A coating which provides the final protective and aesthetic properties to wood finishes.
77A Transfer efficiency - The amount of coating solids deposited onto the surface of a part or product divided by the total amount of coating solids delivered to the coating application system.
104B Transport vessel - Any land-based mode of transportation (truck or rail) that is equipped with a storage tank having a capacity greater than 1,000 gallons which is used primarily to transport oil, gasoline, or other volatile organic liquid bulk cargo. Vacuum trucks used exclusively for maintenance and spill response are not considered to be transport vessels.
77A True partial pressure - The absolute aggregate partial pressure (psia) of all volatile organic compounds in a gas stream.
77A True vapor pressure - The absolute aggregate partial vapor pressure (psia) of all volatile organic compounds at the temperature of storage, handling, or processing.
104B Utility engines - Small four-stroke and two-stroke, air or liquid cooled, gasoline, diesel, or alternative fuel powered engines under 25 horsepower. They are designed for powering lawn, garden, and turf maintenance implements, timber operations, generating electricity, and pumping fluids.
77A Vapor balance system - A system which provides for containment of hydrocarbon vapors by returning displaced vapors from the receiving vessel back to the originating vessel.
77A Vapor-mounted seal - A primary seal mounted so there is an annular space underneath the seal. The annular vapor space is bound by the bottom of the primary seal, the tank wall, the liquid surface, and the floating roof or cover.
104B Vapor recovery system - Any control system which utilizes vapor collection equipment to route volatile organic compounds (VOC) to a control device that reduces VOC emissions.
77A Vapor-tight - Not capable of allowing the passage of gases at the pressures encountered except where other acceptable leak-tight conditions are prescribed in the Regulations.
104E Varnishes (used in wood parts and products coating) - Clear wood finishes formulated with various resins to dry by chemical reaction on exposure to air.
105P Vehicle refinishing (body shops) - The repair and recoating of vehicles, including, but not limited to, motorcycles, passenger cars, vans, light-duty trucks, medium-duty trucks, heavy-duty trucks, buses, and other vehicle body parts, bodies, and cabs by a commercial operation other than the original manufacturer. The repair and recoating of trailers and construction equipment are not included.
77A Vent - Any duct, stack, chimney, flue, conduit, or other device used to conduct air contaminants into the atmosphere.
105P Volatile organic compound - Any compound of carbon or mixture of carbon compounds excluding
1,1,1-trichloroethane (methyl chloroform),
methylene chloride (dichloromethane),
cyclic, branched, or linear completely methylated siloxanes,
1,1,1,2,3,4,4,5,5,5-decafluoropentane (HFC 43-10mee),
metallic carbides or carbonates,
ammonium carbonate, and
perfluorocarbon compounds which fall into these classes:
105K (A) cyclic, branched, or linear, completely fluorinated alkanes;
105K (B) cyclic, branched, or linear, completely fluorinated ethers with no unsaturations;
105K (C) cyclic, branched, or linear, completely fluorinated tertiary amines with no unsaturations; and
105K (D) sulfur-containing perfluorocarbons with no unsaturations and with sulfur bonds only to carbon and fluorine.
77A Volatile organic compound (VOC) water separator - Any tank, box, sump, or other container in which any VOC floating on or contained in water entering such tank, box, sump, or other container is physically separated and removed from water prior to outfall, drainage, or recovery of such water.
104E Wash coat (used in wood parts and products coating) - A low-solids clear liquid applied over semitransparent stains and toners to protect the color coats and to set the fibers for subsequent sanding or to separate spray stains from wiping stains to enhance color depth.
77A Waxy, high pour point crude oil - A crude oil with a pour point of 50 degrees F (10 degrees C) or higher as determined by the American Society for Testing and Materials Standard D97-66, "Test for Pour Point of Petroleum Oils."
77A TABLE I. SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS
As adopted by the Texas Air Control Board December 8, 1989, effective February 19, 1990 (5-37).
Approved by EPA September 24, 1992 (57 FR 44126), effective October 26, 1992, at 52.2270(c)(77)(i)(A) [TXc77A].
70 Acetic acid
80 Acetic anhydride
100 Acetone cyanohydrin
125 Acetyl chloride
160 Acrylic acid and esters
180 Adipic acid
190 Alkyl naphthalenes
200 Allyl alcohol
210 Allyl chloride
220 Aminobenzoic acid
240 Amyl acetates
250 Amyl alcohols
260 Amyl amine
270 Amyl chloride
280 Amyl mercaptans
290 Amyl phenol
310 Aniline hydrochloride
340 Anthranilic acid
390 Benzenedisulfonic acid
400 Benzenesulfonic acid
420 Benzilic acid
430 Benzoic acid
490 Benzoyl chloride
500 Benzyl alcohol
510 Benzyl amine
520 Benzyl benzoate
530 Benzyl chloride
540 Benzyl dichloride
560 Bisphenol A
600 n-butyl acetate
630 n-butyl acrylate
640 n-butyl alcohol
650 s-butyl alcohol
660 t-butyl alcohol
700 p-tert-butyl benzoic acid
710 1,3-butylene glycol
760 Butyric acid
770 Butyric anhydride
790 Carbon disulfide
800 Carbon tetrabromide
810 Carbon tetrachloride
820 Cellulose acetate
840 Chloroacetic acid
900 Chlorobenzoic acid
910 Chlorobenzoyl chloride
965 Chlorosulfonic acid
1021 Mixed cresols
1030 Cresylic acid
1050 Crotonic acid
1070 Cumene hydroperoxide
1080 Cyanoacetic acid
1090 Cyanogen chloride
1100 Cyanuric acid
1110 Cyanuric chloride
1190 Diacetone alcohol
1200 Diaminobenzoic acid
1240 Dichloroethyl ether
1244 1,2-dichloroethane (EDC)
1300 Diethylene glycol
1304 Diethylene glycol diethyl ether
1305 Diethylene glycol dimethyl ether
1310 Diethylene glycol monobutyl ether
1320 Diethylene glycol monobutyl ether acetate
1330 Diethylene glycol monoethyl ether
1340 Diethylene glycol monoethyl ether acetate
1360 Diethylene glycol monomethyl ether
1420 Diethyl sulfate
1442 Diisodecyl phthalate
1444 Diisooctyl phthalate
1480 N,N-dimethyl ether
1500 Dimethyl sulfate
1510 Dimethyl sulfide
1520 Dimethyl sulfoxide
1530 Dimethyl terephthalate
1540 3,5-dinitrobenzoic acid
1590 Diphenyl oxide
1600 Diphenyl thiourea
1610 Dipropylene glycol
1670 Ethyl acetate
1680 Ethyl acetoacetate
1690 Ethyl acrylate
1720 Ethyl bromide
1740 Ethyl chloride
1750 Ethyl chloroacetate
1780 Ethylene carbonate
1790 Ethylene chlorohydrin
1810 Ethylene dibromide
1830 Ethylene glycol
1840 Ethylene glycol diacetate
1870 Ethylene glycol dimethyl ether
1890 Ethylene glycol monobutyl ether
1900 Ethylene glycol monobutyl ether acetate
1910 Ethylene glycol monoethyl ether
1920 Ethylene glycol monoethyl ether acetate
1930 Ethylene glycol monomethyl ether
1940 Ethylene glycol monomethyl ether acetate
1960 Ethylene glycol monophenyl ether
1970 Ethylene glycol monopropyl ether
1980 Ethylene oxide
1990 Ethyl ether
2010 Ethyl orthoformate
2020 Ethyl oxalate
2030 Ethyl sodium oxalacetate
2060 Formic acid
2070 Fumaric acid
2090 Glycerol (Synthetic)
2091 Glycerol dichlorohydrin
2100 Glycerol triether
2160 Hexadecyl alcohol
2170 Hexamethylene glycol
2190 Hydrogen cyanide
2210 p-hydroxybenzoic acid
2260 Isobutyl acetate
2280 Isobutyric acid
2320 Isooctyl alcohol
2340 Isophthalic acid
2370 Isopropyl acetate
2390 Isopropyl chloride
2414 Linear alkyl sulfonate
2417 Linear alkylbenzene
2420 Maleic acid
2430 Maleic anhydride
2440 Malic acid
2450 Mesityl oxide
2455 Metanilic acid
2460 Methacrylic acid
2490 Methallyl chloride
2510 Methyl acetate
2520 Methyl acetoacetate
2545 Methyl bromide
2550 Methyl butynol
2560 Methyl chloride
2570 Methyl cyclohexane
2590 Methyl cyclohexanone
2620 Methylene chloride
2630 Methylene dianiline
2635 Methylene diphenyl diisocyanate
2640 Methyl ethyl ketone
2645 Methyl formate
2650 Methyl isobutyl carbinol
2660 Methyl isobutyl ketone
2665 Methyl methacrylate
2670 Methyl pentynol
2710 a-naphthalene sulfonic acid
2720 B-naphthalene sulfonic acid
2750 Neopentanoic acid
2780 Nitrobenzoic acid (o, m, and p)
2820 Nonyl phenol
2830 Octyl phenol
2882 Perchloromethyl mercaptan
2920 Phenolsulfonic acids
2930 Phenyl anthranilic acid
2960 Phthalic anhydride
3010 Polyethylene glycol
3025 Polypropylene glycol
3066 Propionic acid
3070 n-propyl alcohol
3080 Propyl chloride
3100 Propylene chlorohydrin
3110 Propylene dichloride
3111 Propylene glycol
3120 Propylene oxide
3160 Resorcylic acid
3170 Salicylic acid
3180 Sodium acetate
3181 Sodium benzoate
3190 Sodium carboxymethyl cellulose
3191 Sodium chloracetate
3200 Sodium formate
3210 Sodium phenate
3220 Sorbic acid
3240 Succinic acid
3251 Sulfanilic acid
3270 Tannic acid
3280 Terephthalic acid
3330 Tetrahydrophthalic anhydride
3355 Toluene diisocyanates (mixture)
3360 Toluene sulfonamide
3370 Toluene sulfonic acids
3380 Toluene sulfonyl chloride
3460 Triethylene glycol
3470 Triethylene glycol dimethyl ether
3510 Vinyl acetate
3520 Vinyl chloride
3530 Vinylidene chloride
3540 Vinyl toluene
3541 Xylenes (mixed)
*The OCPDB Numbers are reference indices assigned to the various chemicals in the Organic Chemical Producers Data Base developed by EPA.
**** end tx 115.10 Table 1 - Synthetic Organic Chemicals ****TXc77A****dz9**
**********end tx 115.10 as approved by epa 03/15/1999*****TXc117****dz9**