An official website of the United States government.

This is not the current EPA website. To navigate to the current EPA website, please go to This website is historical material reflecting the EPA website as it existed on January 19, 2021. This website is no longer updated and links to external websites and some internal pages may not work. More information »

Energy Resources for State and Local Governments

Bringing the Benefits of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy to Low-Income Communities: Case Studies and Program Profiles

EPA developed a series of case studies and program profiles to highlight effective efforts by state and local agencies, non-profits, and utilities to bring energy efficiency and renewable energy to low-income communities. EPA selected programs for inclusion based on their demonstrated ability to achieve results through on-the-ground implementation and their potential to be scalable, replicable, and sustainable, and to highlight a diverse range of communities (geography, size) and types of energy efficiency and renewable energy programs. 

Introduction and Program Finder

The series includes two types of publications:

Profiles describe successful programs, their key features and approaches, partners, funding sources, and achievements.

Case studies dig deeper to focus on information that can help other organizations replicate successful programs. Case studies provide more detail and include additional sections covering keys to success and tips for replication and sustainability.

Program Profiles

Case Studies

Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy in Low-Income Communities: A Guide to EPA Programs

This guide helps state and local staff connect with EPA initiatives that can assist them in expanding or developing their own EE/RE and climate initiatives in ways that benefit low-income communities.

The guide can also be used by low-income community leaders and stakeholder groups to better understand the benefits of participating in EPA initiatives to help community members save energy costs, improve the health and safety of their homes, and protect the environment.