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Economic Impact Analysis: Final Revisions to the National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants Subpart S (MACT I and MACT III) for the Pulp and Paper Industry

The purpose of this July 2012 economic impact analysis (EIA) is to present the results of the Agency’s evaluation of the cost, economic impacts, and benefits from compliance with the requirements of these Maximum Achievable Control Technologies (MACT).

Under the finalized rules, affected pulp and paper facilities will be required to implement control measures and absorb regulatory costs. As part of the regulatory process, EPA is required to develop an EIA, and small entity impacts analysis for the potentially affected industries. This report documents the methods and results of this EIA.

For more information on the rule, visit the regulation page for Pulp and Paper Production (MACT I & III): National Emissions Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants (NESHAP) for Source Categories.

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