An official website of the United States government.

This is not the current EPA website. To navigate to the current EPA website, please go to This website is historical material reflecting the EPA website as it existed on January 19, 2021. This website is no longer updated and links to external websites and some internal pages may not work. More information »

Underground Storage Tanks (USTs)

Energy Policy Act of 2005 and Underground Storage Tanks (USTs)

The Energy Policy Act of 2005 significantly affected federal and state underground storage tank programs, required major changes to the programs, and is aimed at reducing underground storage tank releases to our environment.
On this page:

Learn About UST Provisions of the Energy Policy Act of 2005

On August 8, 2005, President Bush signed the Energy Policy Act of 2005. Title XV, Subtitle B of the act (titled the Underground Storage Tank Compliance Act of 2005) contains amendments to Subtitle I of the Solid Waste Disposal Act, the original legislation that created the underground storage tank (UST) program. 

The UST provisions of the Energy Policy Act focus on preventing releases. Among other things, it expanded eligible uses of the Leaking Underground Storage Tank (LUST) Trust Fund, and included provisions regarding inspections, operator training, delivery prohibition, secondary containment and financial responsibility, and cleanup of releases that contain oxygenated fuel additives.

Top of Page

Full Text of the Energy Policy Act

Full text of the Energy Policy Act of 2005 (Public Law 109-058, August 8, 2005) – Go to Title XV – Ethanol And Motor Fuels, Subtitle B – Underground Storage Tank Compliance, Sections 1521-1533 for the underground storage tank provisions.

Top of Page

Grant Guidelines Help States Implement UST Provisions of the Energy Policy Act

To implement the law, EPA and states worked closely with tribes, other federal agencies, tank owners and operators, and other stakeholders to bring about the mandated changes affecting underground storage tank facilities.

EPA developed grant guidelines to help states implement UST provisions of the Energy Policy Act. 

Top of Page