An official website of the United States government.

This is not the current EPA website. To navigate to the current EPA website, please go to This website is historical material reflecting the EPA website as it existed on January 19, 2021. This website is no longer updated and links to external websites and some internal pages may not work. More information »

National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES)

Integrated Planning Implementation Documents



  • Making the Right Choices for Your Utility: Using Sustainability Criteria for Water Infrastructure Decision Making - EPA works with utilities and stakeholders using this decision-making guide where water sector utilities can use sustainability criteria in the comparison of various infrastructure alternatives. These sustainability criteria are based on a Triple Bottom Line approach (environmental, economic, and social) and can be used under element four of EPA’s Integrated Planning Framework. This provides a wider perspective than more traditional criteria which are usually based on regulatory, cost, or performance considerations.





Top of Page