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Superfund Remedy Overview, Key Principles and Guidance

Under Superfund, a broad range of criteria and primary considerations are used in evaluating remedy decisions.

Remedy selection guidance resources, including Rules of Thumb for Superfund Remedy Selection and the Role of the Baseline Risk Assessment in Superfund Remedy Selection Decisions.

A partial list of EPA's guidance related to removals, with a focus on Non-Time-Critical Removal Actions (NTCRA).

Information clarifying the current role of cost in the Superfund remedy selection process.

Superfund policy and guidance related to collaboration among EPA and state and tribal governments during remedy selection.

Learn about contaminated federal facility sites in specific communities, access technical fact sheets and find tools and resources to help government agencies and their contractors fulfill cleanup obligations.

The Superfund alternative (SA) approach uses the same investigation and cleanup process and standards that are used for sites listed on the NPL. The SA approach is an alternative to listing a site on the NPL; it is not an alternative to Superfund or the Superfund process.

Institutional controls are non-engineered instruments such as administrative and legal controls that help minimize the potential for human exposure to contamination and/or protect the integrity of the remedy.

EPA uses a wide variety of technologies in these activities to ensure contaminants are either removed from the site or are treated so they no longer pose a threat to human health and the environment. Information on these technologies and methodologies for cleaning up contaminated sites has been provided here for technical staff, regulators, site owners, and researchers.