TRI for Tribal Communities
Toxics Release Inventory (TRI) data allow tribes to identify sources of toxic chemical releases that may impact the health of their communities, track changes in these releases over time, and prioritize efforts to reduce pollution from nearby facilities.
How can tribes quickly get TRI information?
The TRI Tribal Search below provides interactive charts to easily access summary-level data about industrial toxic releases from TRI facilities located on or within 10 miles of tribal lands. For tips on how to use the Tribal Search , see the factsheet above.
How many TRI facilities are on tribal lands?
In 2019, there were 40 facilities located on tribal lands associated with 17 different federally recognized tribes. These facilities reported a total of 7 million pounds of releases, more than 99% of which were on-site releases to air, water, or land.
Lists of Tribes and Facilities in 2019
- Tribes with at least one TRI facility on or within 10 miles of their lands
- Facilities located on or within 10 miles of tribal lands
How can tribes access more in-depth TRI data?
- Use the TRI Tribal Advanced Search Dashboard to:
- view an extensive set of interactive charts about TRI reporting on or near tribal lands,
- search for specific tribe(s), and
- better understand releases from TRI facilities located near tribal communities.
- Use the TRI Homepage Search tool to view:
- a map of TRI facilities on or within 10 miles of a particular tribe's lands, and
- summary-level TRI facility data, including quantities of chemicals released.
There are other online TRI tools as well as resources for understanding and using the data. See the full list on the TRI Data and Tools webpage.
Are tribes at risk from toxic chemical releases on or near their lands?
- the toxicity of the chemical(s) released,
- the quantity of the chemical(s) released,
- the route of exposure (air, water, land),
- how often a person was exposed, and
- the fate of the chemical in the environment.
TRI has some of this information. TRI data provide estimates of quantities of toxic chemicals that are released to the environment, as well as information on how those chemicals are managed prior to or instead of being released. These data can be used to identify potential toxic chemical hazards near tribes; however, release estimates alone are not sufficient to determine exposure or to calculate potential risks to human health and the environment.
To estimate immediate or long-term risks in your community, TRI data should be combined with other information, such as the toxicity of the chemical and the chemical's transportation and fate. Find out more about TRI and estimating potential risk, or browse Factors to Consider When Using TRI Data.
Is there help available for tribes concerned about toxic chemical releases?
Yes, a variety of resources are available to assist tribes.
TRI Tribal Contacts: Find the environmental officials designated by federally recognized tribes to receive reporting forms from TRI facilities located on the lands of federally recognized tribes.
- TRI Program Regional Coordinators: Tribes concerned about toxic chemicals released from specific industrial facilities may contact the TRI Coordinator in their region.
- EPA Tribal Program Managers: Tribes are encouraged to contact the Tribal Program Manager in their region with questions about facilities near tribal communities.
- Report a suspected violation of environmental laws or regulations
- EPA's Enforcement and Compliance History Online (ECHO) tool: Find out if a facility is in compliance with EPA laws and regulations.
- EPA's Risk-Screening Environmental Indicators (RSEI): RSEI Scores can be used to help establish community priorities for further investigation. RSEI incorporates TRI data on the amount of toxic chemicals released, together with factors such as the chemical’s fate and transport through the environment, each chemical’s relative toxicity, and potential human exposure. Visit the EasyRSEI Qlik Dashboard for additional information.
- EPA's EJSCREEN: Create maps and generate detailed reports based on various geographic areas and datasets. Includes data from multiple factors that may affect public and environmental health within a community or region.
- ToxTown by National Library of Medicine: Learn about various environmental health concerns, including many of particular interest to tribes.