An official website of the United States government.

This is not the current EPA website. To navigate to the current EPA website, please go to This website is historical material reflecting the EPA website as it existed on January 19, 2021. This website is no longer updated and links to external websites and some internal pages may not work. More information »

TRI National Analysis

Waste Management by Federal Facilities

The following pie chart shows the percentages of TRI chemical waste managed through recycling, energy recovery, treatment, and disposal or other releases by federal government organizations in 2019. For more details on quantities released, toggle to the “Releases only” graph.

  • The types of waste reported by federal facilities vary by the type of operation.
    • The Tennessee Valley Authority is a government-owned electric utility that provides power to southeastern states. Over 80% of its reported waste was hydrochloric and sulfuric acid aerosols, which were mostly treated on site.
    • The Department of the Treasury facilities reporting to TRI are mints for manufacturing currency and, accordingly, they report metals (e.g., copper and nickel) to TRI. Almost all of their metal waste was recycled off site.

The following graph shows the percentages of TRI chemicals released by federal government organizations in 2019.

  • Most of the Department of Defense’s releases were on-site releases of nitrate compounds to water and on-site land disposal of metals and metal compounds.
  • The chemicals released by the Tennessee Valley Authority are similar to the chemicals released by other electric utilities that report to TRI. On-site land disposal of barium compounds and air releases of sulfuric acid make up a large portion of releases from the Tennessee Valley Authority and other electric utilities.

Source Reduction at Federal Facilities:

Federal facilities’ operations are diverse and few focus on manufacturing processes. Due to this variety of functions, operations at some federal facilities are better suited to source reduction strategies than others. For the 2019 reporting year, 21 federal facilities (5%) reported implementing source reduction activities.

Federal facilities have often reported difficulties when trying to reduce their use of lead because it is contained in ammunition used at National Security and Park Service facilities. For 2019, several federal facilities reported using “green” ammuntion in accordance with National Park Service policy to use non-lead ammunition where feasible. To find more examples of federal facilities’ source reduction activities and the source reduction barriers they face, visit TRI’s P2 Search Tool and select industry sectors such as National Security, Correctional Institutions or Police Protection from the dropdown menu under “search criteria.”

This page was published in January 2021 and uses the 2019 TRI National Analysis dataset made public in TRI Explorer in October 2020.

Top of Page