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Superfund Redevelopment Initiative

Alternative Energy at Superfund Sites

Renewable energy resources – wind, solar, biomass and geothermal energy – are non-polluting, inexhaustible and increasingly cost-competitive. Alternative energy resources include renewable energy production as well as other energy sources, such as converting methane gas produced during natural decomposition of wastes into an electricity source. Superfund sites can be well suited for alternative energy production. Sites in urban and rural areas near utilities and transportation networks help keep development costs low.

Alternative energy resources can help communities create jobs and diversify local economies. They also are an important part of America’s energy security and environmental sustainability. Nationwide, there are at least 75 Superfund sites in planned or actual alternative energy reuse; several of these sites are also using renewable energy technologies as part of green remediation strategies for site cleanups. SRI can help communities reclaim and reuse contaminated lands for a wide range of purposes, including alternative and renewable energy.

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SRI has supported feasibility studies and assessments to determine the potential for alternative energy reuse. A few example reports are listed below:

Learn more about alternative energy projects highlighted in SRI’s in-depth case studies:

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Alternative Energy Reuse Examples

Biofuel Sites
Gallup's Quarry, Plainfield, CT
Martin-Marietta, Sodyeco, Inc., Charlotte, NC
Savannah River Site (USDOE), Aiken, South Carolina

Geothermal Sites
Arsenic Trioxide Site, Ransom, Richland and Sargent Counties, ND
Lawrence Aviation Industries, Inc., Port Jefferson Station, NY

Methane Gas to Energy Sites
Central Landfill, Johnston, RI
Lowry Landfill, Aurora, CO
Omega Hills North Landfill, Germantown, WI
Pine Bend Sanitary Landfill. Grove Heights, MN
Southside Sanitary Landfill, Indianapolis, IN

Solar Sites
Aerojet General, Rancho Cordova, CA
American Cyanamid, Bridgewater, NJ
Apache Powder, Saint David, AZ
Barkhamsted-New Hartford Landfill, Barkhamsted, CT
Bethlehem Steel (non NPL), Lackawanna, NY
Brick Township Landfill, Brick Township, NJ
Brookhaven National Laboratory (USDOE), Upton, NY
Camp Pendleton Marine Corps Base, San Diego, CA
Charles George Reclamation Trust Landfill, Tyngsborough, MA
Chevron Questa Mine, Questa, NM
Continental Steel Corp., Kokomo, IN
Davisville Naval Construction Battalion Center, North Kingstowne, RI
Delilah Road, Egg Harbor Township, NJ
E.I. DuPont De Nemours & Co., Inc. (Newport Pigment Plant Landfill), Newport, DE
Elizabeth Mine, Strafford/Thatford, VT
Ellsworth Air Force Base, Ellsworth AFB, SD
FMC Corp. (Fridley Plant), Fridley, MN
Fort Detrick Area B Ground Water, Fort Detrick, MD
Fort Dix (Landfill Site), Pemberton Township, NJ
Frontier Fertilizer, Davis, CA
GE-Housatonic River, Pittsfield, MA
Groveland Wells, Groveland, MA
Iron Horse Park, Billerica, MA
Jet Propulsion Laboratory (NASA), Pasadena, CA
Landfill & Development Co., Mount Holly, NJ
Lawrence Livermore Natl Lab, Main Site (USDOE) , Livermore, CA
National Semiconductor Corp., Santa Clara, CA 
Newmark Ground Water Contamination, San Bernardino, CA
North Carolina State University (Lot 86, Farm Unit #1), Raleigh, NC
Oak Ridge Reservation (USDOE), Oak Ridge, TN
Palmerton Zinc Pile, Palmerton, PA
Pemaco Maywood, Maywood, CA
Peterson/Puritan, Inc., Lincoln/Cumberland, RI
Picatinny Arsenal (USARMY), Rockaway Township, NJ
Refuse Hideaway, Middleton, WI
Reilly Tar & Chemical Corp. (Indianapolis Plant), Indianapolis, IN
Re-Solve, Inc., Dartmouth, MA
Rose Hill Regional Landfill, Wakefield, RI
Solvents Recovery Service of New England, Southington, CT
South Brunswick Landfill, South Brunswick, NJ
Sullivan's Ledge, New Bedford, MA
Tucson International Airport Area, Tucson, AZ
United Chrome Products, Corvallis, OR
W.R. Grace & Co., Inc. (Acton Plant), Acton, MA
Washington County Landfill, Lake Elmo, WI
West Kingston Town Dump/URI Disposal Area, South Kingstown, RI
York County Solid Waste and Refuse Authority Landfill, Stewartstown, PA

Wind Sites
Bethlehem Steel (non NPL), Lackawanna, NY
Continental Steel Corp., Kokomo, IN
F.E. Warren Air Force Base, Cheyenne, WY
Nebraska Ordnance Plant (Former), Mead, NE
Otis Air National Guard Base/Camp Edwards, Falmouth, MA
Pantex Plant (USDOE), Pantex Village, TX

For additional information about alternative energy projects on potentially contaminated lands, landfills and mine sites, please visit RE-Powering America’s Land.

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Additional Resources

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